2017年10月23日 16:11:26|来源:国际在线|编辑:爱问常识
For anyone who has woken in the morning to find themselves on the receiving end of their partner’s wrath, there now appears to be a scientific explanation.It seems your other half may have dreamt about having an argument with you or even imagined that you were unfaithful to them during their sleep.Psychologists have now confirmed that these dreams can lead to more rows and reduced intimacy between couples the following day.This is because the emotions experienced in such dreams can be carried into the daytime and consequently impact on a couple’s real relationship.梦想也许不会照进现实,但梦境真的会照进现实。科学家发现,晚上做梦梦见和伴侣吵架或伴侣出轨,第二天吵架次数会增多,两人亲密度也会降低。分析称,这是因为梦中的情绪会被带到现实生活中,从而影响夫妇的真实感情关系。It is the first scientific example of how dreams can directly affect human behaviour during the day.The findings may also help to explain why dreams can sometimes appear to be premonitions of events that will happen in the future.Some couples even find themselves interpreting a bad dream about their partner as a “sign” that the relationship is not going to work out.However, rather than being a form of supernatural clairvoyance, it seems such dreams are simply making rows more likely to happen. Dr Dylan Selterman, a psychologist at the University of Maryland who led the research, said: “The analyses I ran for this sample suggest that there is a small but significant association between arguments in dreams and conflicts the next day.与此同时,科学家发现,积极的梦也会影响夫妻的感情关系。比如前一天梦见和伴侣做爱,第二天两人的亲密度会增加。不过这只会发生在那些情感上相互依赖的夫妇身上。如果夫妻感情不好,做了性梦反而爱意和亲密度都会降低。一般来说,感情疏离的夫妻更容易做吵架的梦。 /201402/274823Too many people think that intelligence is a gift of nature and that there is little anyone can do to improve theirs. IQ tests have managed to confuse many of us, leading us to believe that intelligence is largely fixed. It is not.很多人认为智力是天生的,以至于很少有人能通过后天来提高自己地智力。IQ测试让我们一直以为智力基本上是一定的。实则不然。Just like swimming, cooking, dancing, and just about anything else, being smart is a skill that requires training. Unfortunately, our schools neglect to give us some of the most essential tools for being smart.就拿游泳,烹饪,跳舞等技能来说吧,要想无所不能是需要一步步训练的。很遗憾,我们的学校恰巧没有给我们开发智力的工具。So how did I discover these tools? It happened when I started working on my PhD. I didn’t just want to do just any kind of research, I wanted to do research that mattered. The problem was that I had no idea how to do research, never mind research that mattered. So, I decided to try and understand professors that did important work. For years, I watched and I learned, and I am proud to say that I figured it out – and it wasn’t what I expected. I will now share with you some of what I learned.那么,我该如何找到这些工具?刚开始我的士生涯时,我找到了。我不仅想做任何门类的研究,还想做有重要意义的研究。问题是,我根本不知道怎么去做研究,更别说重要研究了。于是,我决定去深入了解做过重要建树的教授们。很多年以后,我学到了很多,并且我很欣慰我弄清楚了事实并非我之前预料的那样。我很乐意将我所学告诉大家。Practice Self-Critical Thinking学会自我批判We are all familiar with critical thinking, the act of questioning the assumptions of arguments that are put before us. Critical thinking is an invaluable skill – without it, we all become gullible and easily manipulated. The problems is that, we usually only apply critical thinking to other people’s ideas. When we apply critical thinking to our own ideas, its power reaches a whole new level. I call this self-critical thinking. Once you find a flaw with your argument, see if you can come up with a better idea. If you practice self-critical thinking, then you will find flaws in your arguments before anyone else. By practicing self-critical thinking, your intellect will amaze you.对于批判性思维,我们耳熟能详,就是对我们面前的论点提出质疑。批判性思维是一种宝贵的技能,没有它,我们会变得轻信,容易纵。问题是,我们通常在别人的想法上大胆的用自己的批判性思维去分析。我们要是能把这种思维用在自己的想法上,它会让我们全新的认识自己。这就是我所谓的批判性思维。一旦发现你的论据不足,那么就要想想更好的论据了。如果你用批判性思维去思考问题,你会先于其他人发现自己的论据不足。通过对批判性思维的练习,你会发现你的智力一鸣惊人。Be Persistent学会坚持不懈Smart, successful people don’t give up. They believe that they can do it, and so they keep trying until, finally, they succeed. You might know that Thomas Edison failed thousands of times before he succeeded. What you might not know is that just about all scientists experience failure on a regular basis. They spend months, even years, trying to find answers, until finally something works out. So if you want to be smart, be persistent.聪明的成功人士有着永不放弃的精神。他们坚信自己可以做到,并且会锲而不舍,知道他们真的做到了。你也许知道伟大的发明家托马斯#8226;爱迪生就是在屡次失败后成功发明了电灯,但你可能不知道几乎所有的科学家都会在发明中有过失败的经历。他们夜以继日,年复一年直到最终的成功。因此,想聪明,就要坚持不懈。Learn to Present Your Ideas学会表达自己Two people can have the same ideas, and the same views and opinions, and yet only one of them might be considered smart. We often forget that everyone is busy with their own lives; they don’t have time to think about and analyze everything we say. If we don’t sell our ideas,virtually no one will recognize their merit. So, if you want others to know that you’re smart, learn how to present your ideas. Speak clearly, articulate your words, and most importantly, let your enthusiasm about your ideas shine through. Enthusiasm is highly contagious. Some of the most brilliant scientists spend half, yes, half, their time on presentation. If they find it worthwhile, so should you. Finally, learning to sell your ideas is not only good for your reputation, but it also can help others. If you have something to say, say it well, so that others can benefit from your message.两个人可以有相同的思想,相同的观点和意见,但只有其中一个会被认为是聪明的。我们常常忘了,每个人都忙于自己的生活,他们没有时间来思考和分析我们说了什么。如果我们不去展示我们的想法,就不会有人能认识到这些想法的价值。因此,如果你想让别人知道你是一个充满智慧的人,你就该学会表达自己。表达要口齿清晰,准确有力,还有最重要的是要澎湃。热情是极具传染性的。伟大的科学家们基本上要花一半的时间来阐述他们的发明。既然他们都觉得这些解说是必要的,那么我们也该这么认为。最后,学会诠释自己不仅对你的名誉有好处而且也可以帮助别人。如果你有话要说,就有条不紊地说,这样听者也会受益匪浅的。Finally, let me add that in order to be smart, you must also believe in yourself. We are all a lot more similar than we appear. Those who appear smarter than you simply had the rights tools and used these tools to exercise their minds.最后,我要补充一点,那就是要聪明,你必须要相信自己。我们都看起来无异于别人。但那些看起来比你聪明的人却手握有用的工具不断地锻炼着他们的思维。You are smarter than you think.要相信,你比你认为的还要聪明。 /201404/285499

Loneliness is a feeling I know very well. I live in an apartment with no one but my dog, and I don’t get a whole lot of company because most of my friends have moved to another town, got married and had a family, or simply lost touch due to life happening. As someone who considers himself a loner, I loved the peace and quiet at first, but I found myself feeling very lonely within a few months.我对孤独有着切身体会:一人一室一,少有陪伴。许多朋友都搬到了其他城市,结婚生子过日子,有些也因生活变迁而失去了联系。我自认为是个独行侠,刚开始也很享受平和与安静;可接下来几个月,我发现自己常常感到孤独。My space went from clean to chaos, my productivity crashed and burned, my thoughts took a turn for the worse, and I couldn’t find much interest in anything more than watching movies on Netflix. After living a few months in a haze of sloth, I realized I had a serious problem and decided to learn how to live a happy life alone. This article tackles six key things I learned along the way.房间开始变得凌乱不堪、效率低下、情绪低落,除了在Netflix上看电影,我对任何事都提不起兴趣。过了几个月的混沌日子后,我感到自己很有问题,必须学会一个人也能过得开心才行。下面就是我领悟到的六个方法。1. Take Care of Your Home保持房间整洁When you’re not around other people, it is easy to lose interest in tidying up your home. You might find yourself with a sky high pile of dishes and mountains of clutter everywhere you turn if you’re not careful. Even if you don’t have a roommate or company that frequently walks in your door, it is in your best interest to clean house at least once per week.一个人生活时,很容易马虎应付房间整理。如果得过且过,家里很快就堆了成叠的盘子和杂物。哪怕很少有室友或朋友来串门,每周至少也得打扫一次房间。If your home is a disorganized wreck, expect to feel stressed out as soon as you walk in the door. A clean home free from clutter will help you feel happy and organized.要是家里乱七八糟,一进门肯定会感到头大。干净整洁的房间才会使你井然有序、心情愉悦。2. Find Beauty in the Ordinary从平凡中发现美好If you don’t see beauty in your world, you’re not looking hard enough. If you’re home alone and feeling down, walk outside and spend some time with nature. Watch the birds fly and admire their elaborate flight formation. Listen to dogs barking at each other in the neighborhood and think to yourself, “I wonder what they could possibly be talking about?”觉得自己的世界毫无美好可言?那你肯定没用心发掘。当你独自蜗居在家、感到心情抑郁时,何不出门多接触大自然?看小鸟掠过天空,感叹它们高超的飞翔技术;听邻里儿相互吠叫,猜测“这些家伙都在讨论啥?”Look at that big, old tree that is the size of a giant (and if you’re feeling limber, why not try to climb it?). Plant some flowers, a vegetable garden, or a small tree in your back yard. Go to the park, walk on a nature trail, clear your thoughts, listen to the sounds of the forest, and be in awe of the beauty that’s right in front of you.仰望那棵硕壮老树,想象它是一个巨人,要是身手灵活,还可以试试爬上去;在后园种点花草蔬菜或小树;去公园散散步,边聆听森林呼吸边整理思绪,为眼前美景而惊叹。3. Watch Out for Noisy Thoughts谨防胡思乱想Your thoughts can be your best friend and worst enemy. Have you ever noticed that if you find yourself thinking even a single negative thought, it inevitably spirals out of control until you have a nasty chorus of Mental Monsters taking over your brain? If you find yourself thinking, “I feel so lonely right now,” it’s easy to keep that thought process going in the wrong direction until thoughts like, “I will always be alone,” or “no one will ever love me,” creep up on you.思想既是益友又是劲敌。你注意到没有:只要脑中闪过一丝消极念头,就会引起恶性循环,直到自己完全被心理恶魔打倒才罢休?当你自认为“我此刻很孤独”时,消极想法便很容易蔓延,最后你甚至觉得“我永远都会这么孤单”或“永远也不会有人爱上我”。Be aware of what you’re thinking about and stop your negative thoughts before they grow into Mental Monsters that are much harder to control. If you find yourself stressing out, do something that relaxes you. Light some candles or incense, take a nice hot bubble bath, perform some gentle yoga poses, or play soothing music.因此,你必须留意自己的想法,谨防消极念头演变成无法控制的心理恶魔。紧张烦躁时,去做点能让自己放松的事情。点上蜡烛熏香,泡个热腾的泡泡澡,练练瑜伽,或奏一曲舒缓的音乐。4. Reduce Mindless Consumption减少漫无目的的损耗Being aware of world events is totally okay, but becoming addicted to the news is a sure-fire way to sink your mood. Limit your news consumption to a small handful of articles per day because there is no reason to bury yourself in depressing news stories for hours on end.了解世界新闻无可厚非,但完全沉浸其中无疑是自讨无趣。每天限制只读几篇新闻报道,毕竟,没必要把时间浪费在众多负面新闻中。Watching television is fine in moderation, but spending all of your free hours in front of the tube will do nothing to help you grow or feel better. Read a classic novel you adored in high school, go to a local community theater to enjoy a racy comedy or Shakespearean tragedy, and exercise at least every other day to keep your mind and body at the top of their game.适当看看电视也挺不错,但若把所有闲暇时间都耗在电视机面前,既不利于成长,也影响情绪。不如读一本高中就喜欢的经典小说,去社区剧院看一场欢乐喜剧或莎翁悲剧,隔天锻炼健身,让身心永远保持良好状态。5. Create Something of Value创造价值The best way to feel happy alone is to spend your time creating something that brings you joy. You could write a novel or self-help book and self-publish it on Amazon, start a blog about a topic that fascinates you, go the the park and paint a landscape to hang on your wall, or learn a new language, like German or Spanish.单身想要过得开心,最好的办法就是创造能给自己带来快乐的东西。你可以尝试写小说或自助读本,然后在亚马逊上出版;或针对喜欢的话题开一栏客,去公园写生并把画作挂在墙上,学一门新语言(例如德语或西班牙语)。Sometimes it is hard to motivate ourselves to get to work creating at home, so if you’re feeling a lack of inspiration, pack up your notebook and laptop for a field-trip to a park, coffee shop, or downtown bench. A simple change of scenery can do wonders for your productivity.有时一个人在家往往缺乏主动创新的动力,所以,要是觉得没灵感,可以带上电脑和笔记本,去公园、咖啡馆或市内长椅坐坐。简单的环境改变也能大大提高效率。6. Treat Yourself to a Hot Date与自己约会Who says you can’t go to a movie or eat out by yourself? I love treating myself to hot dates because I can choose to go wherever I desire without considering anyone else’s opinion. Going out by yourself will help you become comfortable with being alone.谁说单身就不能看电影或吃大餐了?我就很喜欢和自己约会。因为我可以随心选择自己喜欢的地方,不必顾虑他人想法。一个人出行可以让你更自在地享受单身状态。Have you ever felt so lonely that you didn’t know what to do with yourself?有时候,你是不是觉得自己特孤单,真不知道该怎么办?If so, what did you do about it? Having friends and family is great but we all need to learn how to live a happy life alone. Please share any tips you have for the single folks who are ing this!这时你是怎么做的呢?身边有亲人朋友陪伴固然美好,但我们也应该学会一个人也能过得开心。如果你有什么建议给单身朋友,请分享吧! /201310/260332

The number of people living past 100 has soared by 71 per cent in the past decade. And while one expert believes this figure will continue to rise, he stated that anyone hoping to live for double or triple this time will be disappointed. Speaking at a gerontologyconference, Professor Sir Colin Blakemore, 70, a British neurobiologist and was formerly chief executive of the British Medical Research Council, claimed there is a ceiling on how long humans can live, and 120 years ‘might be a real absolute limit to human lifespan.’过去十年,寿命达到100岁以上的老人数量激增71%。仅管专家表示这一数字还将继续上升,但是希望活到200甚至300岁的人们恐怕要失望了。70岁的英国神经生物学家、英国医学研究委员会前任主席柯林·布雷克莫尔近期在一个老年医学会议上提出,人类寿命是有上限的,而120岁“很可能就是这个上限”。A panel of gerontologists and scientists discussed the future of medicine, global health concerns and life expectancy. It agreed that medicines will have a limited effect on extending human life, and it was more important to improve the health and quality of life for older people, rather than prolonging it. The panel also stated it was key to improve the life expectancy in poorer regions, or areas where people typically die much younger than other areas.老年医学家和科学家们探讨了药物的未来,环球健康隐忧和人类寿命等问题。无疑,药物对于延长人类寿命的影响是有限的,对于老年人来说,与其延长寿命,不如改善健康情况,提升生活质量。小组成员同样认为,贫困地区老人寿命通常较短,提升他们的寿命长度也刻不容缓。The 2014 Global Age Watch Index, which ranks 96 nations on the quality of life for the elderly, recently stated that by 2050, the number of over 60s will be 21 per cent of the global population. This is almost double the current figure of 12 per cent. The proportionof over-80s is growing fastest, too – projected to rise from two per cent now to four per cent of the global population by 2050.2014全球年龄指数衡量了96个国家的老年人生活质量。结果表明,到2050年,60岁以上人群将占据全球人口的21%,比起当下的12%来说是成倍的增长。而80岁以上的老人数量也将急剧增长,从目前的2%上升到4%。While it could take years of research to extend humans’ lives in the same way, the study raises the prospect of anti-ageing treatments informed by genetic interactions, according to Dr Kapahi. ‘In the early years, cancer researchers focused on mutations in single genes, but then it became apparent that different mutations in a class of genes were driving the disease process,’ he said.研究如何延长人类寿命并非易事,然而卡帕利士的研究表明可以通过基因作用提高抗老化治疗的可能性。“今年,癌症研究者注重单一基因的突变性,但是很明显,同类基因的突变是导致病情加重的原因。”The research, reported in the journal Cell Reports, involved blocking key molecules that affect the action of insulin and a nutrient signalling pathway called Target of Rapamycin (TOR). Single mutations in the TOR pathway were known to extend the lifespan of C. elegans by 30 per cent, while insulin-signalling mutations could double the amount of time they lived.医学期刊报道称,有研究专门针对影响胰岛素和营养物质的关键分子,即对雷帕霉素标靶(以下称TOR)的抑制。TOR的单一变异可以将线虫生命延长30%,而以胰岛素为标志的变异可以将寿命延长一倍。Adding the two together might have been expected to extend longevity by 130 per cent, but the combined impact turned out to be much greater. The research may explain why it has proved so difficult to identify single genes responsible for the long lives enjoyed by humans. ‘It#39;s quite probable that interactions between genes are critical in those fortunate enough to live very long, healthy lives,’ said Dr Kapahi. Future research is expected to use mice to see if the same effects occur in mammals.而将两者结合可以讲人类寿命提升130%,但是两者若实际结合,其效力将不可预估。研究同样解释了判断长寿秘诀的单一基因的困难性,“这些基因之间的互相作用对于长寿、健康来说都有可能是至关重要的。”卡帕利士说道。而未来的研究将实验于小白鼠,以验它对哺乳动物的作用。 /201411/339749

We all try to strike that balance between aging gracefully -- and not looking as though we#39;re older than we really are. With age, your skin thins and grows less elastic. As a result, wrinkles, age spots and skin tags become more common. Generally speaking, you can promote healthier skin by bathing in warm -- and not hot -- water. You should also wear sunscreen and not smoke.我们都渴望从中找到一个平衡点——一方面能够优雅地老去,另一方面又希望自己看上去比实际年龄小。随着年岁的增长,肌肤不再紧致,皱纹,老年斑,皮肤松弛等一系列问题也找上门来。一般来说,我们可以通过洗温水澡来改善肌肤问题。注意,是温水,而不是热水。当然,涂抹防晒霜,杜绝吸烟也是必不可少的。But even if you#39;ve done everything right, there are some body parts that just seem destined to betray your age no matter what you do. We asked our Facebook friends what body part reveals their age. The most common responses? Neck, hands and face. We#39;ve put together a list of the six body parts that betray your age first -- with some helpful hints on how to keep yourself from looking too old, too fast. What do you think? Let us know in comments.可是,无论我们多么注重保养,身体上总有一些部位会暴露我们的年龄,脸谱网上的一项调查显示,在网友们认为最能暴露年龄的身体部位中,排名靠前的是颈部,双手和面部。我们把暴露年龄的六大身体部位列成一份清单,并附上小贴士帮助你延缓衰老。你们觉得怎样?一起来看看吧。 /201404/290909

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