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深圳那家医院做去痘坑深圳伊斯佑整形美容医院植发怎么样深圳东湖医院修眉多少钱 There’s a saying, “Use it or lose it.” That’s pretty much why exercise is good for you. But that’s just the short answer. The details of what actually happens in your body are truly amazing and, I think, super motivating. Here’s the the rest of the story you won’t want to miss![This article is going to motivate you to exercise more. So here’s the obligatory, but important, cautionary note. If you are going to start an exercise program, you should have the OK from your doctor first to make sure that you don’t have any potential heart or other health issues.]How Exercise Makes You Stronger and HealthierThe very first day that you start your exercise program, you will be healthier than you were yesterday. Why? Because your body immediately responds to the exercise by building new cells and tissues to support that exercise. It gets y to better handle the exercise you will do tomorrow. Isn’t that amazing!?There are several marvelous ways that your body changes when you begin a consistent aerobic exercise program. All of the improvements your body makes increases your VO2 Max, which is a measurement of of your fitness level. Specifically, VO2 Max measures the volume of oxygen a person can consume in one minute exercising at maximum exertion.Here are the incredible changes you’ll see in your body:HeartWhen you train over a period of time your heart will grow in size, allowing it to pump a larger volume of blood with each stroke (or pump). This allows more oxygen to be delivered to all the cells in your body. At the same time, your heart also becomes stronger and more efficient at pumping blood.Blood VesselsIn response to your muscles needing more oxygen, your body will grow more capillaries to deliver more oxygen faster going forward. Isn’t that cool?! In addition, over time, regular exercise will make your blood vessels become more flexible allowing them to deliver more oxygen rich blood more efficiently. And if that wasn’t enough, the increased blood flow in your blood vessels serves to clean out excess cholesterol, keeping you free of clogs which can cause strokes and heart attacks.Red Blood CellsAs you exercise each day, your body says, “OK, I get it. You need more oxygen. Alright, turn up the red blood cell production!” As your red blood cell count increases so does your ability to receive more oxygen more efficiently.Cellular LevelThis improvement is very cool too. In each of the cells in your body there are these little power machines called mitochondria. What they do is produce energy by combining oxygen and glucose (or other fuel molecules). This combination produces ATP which is the molecule that gives your cells the energy they need to do their cellular work. When you exercise regularly, guess what happens? Yup, your body creates more and stronger mitochondria in each of your cells, making you more powerful and giving you more endurance for everything in your life! Wow! How exciting is that!?MusclesWhen you use your muscles beyond what they can handle, either through aerobic exercise or weight bearing exercise, it causes your body to build new muscle tissue. Tiny tears can occur with weight lifting, and when these tears are repaired, this is what causes the muscle to become larger and more defined. Larger, stronger muscles will raise your metabolism making weight management easier.Your VO2 MaxIf you want to test your VO2 max, a simple way to do this is to perform the Rockport Walking Fitness Test. It is well regarded as an accurate way to measure your VO2 max. If you can’t get your heart rate above 120 with fast walking, here is a similar jogging test. (Again these tests should only be done with your doctor’s approval.)What Kind of Exercise is Best?The best kind of exercise is the kind you do everyday for 30 minutes, whether consecutive minutes or broken up throughout the day. You should aim for a target heart rate of 55-85% of your max heart rate. Here’s the formula to calculate your maximum heart rate:Maximum heart rate 208 - (0.7 X your age in years)Example: If you are 40 years old, then your maximum heart rate 208 -(0.7 X 40) 180.Moderate activity level would be between 99 - 126 beats per minute.Strenuous activity level would be between 126 - 153 beats per minute.So it doesn’t matter if you walk or run, bike or swim, play tennis or rake the yard. As long as you do it everyday and get your heart pumping you will make yourself healthier every day. The only advantage that running has over walking is that you can burn more calories in a shorter period of time. But, the advantage of brisk walking is that it is easier on your joints than running. So just choose whichever activity you like better, and go for it!Another thing to keep in mind is that you have to stop in the middle of your exercise, don’t fret. As long as you finish it later, it’s fine. You can do 15 minutes in the morning and 15 minutes in the evening. Everyone has time for that right?My soon to be released book on healthy living will have more information on healthy exercise. In the meantime, all you need is a pair of sneakers and you’re good to go. Vary your exercise every so often for a new muscular challenge and also for fun. Here are some other aerobic activities you can try:bikingcross country skiingswimmingtennisstrenuous yogasquashhikingkayakinggolfingsoccerjumping (jump-rope or mini-trampoline)dancing 有这样一句俗语,“不常使用,就失去。”就很好地说明了为什么运动对你有好处。但这只是句简短的回答。运动让你身体里实实在在变化着的细节是令人惊奇的,我认为,非常激励人。这里有你绝不愿错过的其他的信息!(这篇文章将激励你更多地去运动。所以这里有些必需的,但重要的警示。如果你要开展一项运动,必须先得到你的医生的许可,确保你将不会有任何潜在的心脏或其他健康上的问题。)运动怎样让你更加强壮和健康即使是开始运动项目的第一天,你也比昨天更健康。为什么?你的身体以建立新的细胞和组织的方式迅速地做出反应,来持那项运动的进行。你的身体状况将更好,使你更好地应付明天要做的运动。这难道不是很神奇吗?当开始坚持一个有氧运动计划时,你的身体以一些惊人的方式发生改变。所有的身体状况上的改善将增加你的最大摄氧量,而最大摄氧量是测量你的健康水平的一个标准。具体来说,最大摄氧量测量的是一个人在一分钟运动中的最大耗氧量。这些就是你将在自己身上看到的难以置信的改变:心脏当你运动训练过一段时间以后,你的心脏体积将变大,每一次跳动(或撞击)可以输送更多的血。这将输送更多的氧气到你身体的各个细胞。同时,你的心脏变得更强壮,能更有效率地输送血液。血管因为你的体力需要更多氧气撑,你的身体将生成更多毛细血管来便于更多氧气的传送。这难道不神奇吗?另外,久而久之,定期的运动将使你的血管更有效率、更灵活地更传送更多富氧的血液。除此之外,那些增加的血液在你的血管里流动着,它们能清除多余的胆固醇,让你免于可能引起中风和心脏病发作的血管堵塞。红细胞随着每天的运动,你的身体说,“好的,我知道了。你需要更多的氧气。好吧,加大红细胞的产量!”红细胞数量增加了,你也能更有惬意地吸收更多的氧气。细胞水平这个进展也是令人称奇的。你身体中的每一个细胞里,都有这些叫做线粒体的“小发电机”。它们将氧气和葡萄糖(或其他燃料分子)结合起来来制造能量。这种结合制造出提供细胞每天运行所需燃料的分子--三磷酸腺苷。当你定期运动,猜猜会发生些什么?是的,你的身体在每一个细胞中制造出更多更好的线粒体,让你更强壮,在生活中做任何事情时都更有耐力。哇!这不是多激动人心吗!?肌肉当你用你的肌肉做些有难度的活动时,不论是有氧运动还是负重运动,都会让你的身体建立新的肌肉组织。举重时肌肉会有轻微的裂开,当这些裂口愈合时,肌肉也变得更强大更轮廓分明。拥有些大块些、强壮些的肌肉会让新陈代谢加快,让体重更容易保持。你的最大摄氧量若你想测试自己的最大摄氧量,进行rockport步行体能测验就是一个简单的方法。它被认为是测量最大摄氧量的一个准确途径。如果你不能通过快走让你的心率超过120,这里还有个相似的慢跑测试。(同样地,这些测试必须在你的医生的准许下完成。)什么方式的运动最好?运动的最好方式是每天进行半个小时,不管是持续的半小时还是一天中零碎进行的半小时。你需要朝着使心率往你的最大心率的55-85%的目标前进。这是计算你的最大心率的公式:最大心率208-(0.7X你年龄的年数)例子:如果你40岁,那么你的最大心率208-(0.7 X 40) 180一般的心率水平应该在每分钟99-126之间。较好的心率水平应该在每分钟126-153之间。所以,无论你是走还是跑,是骑自行车还是游泳,是打网球还是用耙理庭院,都没有关系。只要你每天做,让你的心脏自由跳动,你会每一天变得更健康一点。比起步行,跑步的唯一优势是能让你在更短的一段时间里消耗更多的卡路里。但是比起跑步,快走的优势是它对于关节来说更为轻松。所以只要选择你更喜欢些的运动,去做吧!另外你需铭记在心,当不得不在运动中停下来时,不要为此苦恼。只要你能稍后完成它,就可以了。你可以早晨和晚上各运动15分钟。这样每个人都有时间运动了,不是吗?我将发行的那本关于健康生活的书中会提供更多关于健康运动的信息。与此同时,你所需要的一切仅仅是一双穿着行动方便的胶底运动鞋。偶尔让运动的内容多样化,这将既是一项新的肌肉挑战,也是一种乐趣。这里是一些你可以尝试的其他有氧运动:* 骑自行车* 越野滑雪* 游泳* 网球* 艰苦的瑜珈训练* 壁球* 徒步旅行* 划皮艇* 高尔夫球* 英式足球* 跳跃(跳绳或小蹦床)* 跳舞 /200805/38134深圳治疗红胎记多少钱

宝安区手臂激光脱毛多少钱There are still a lot of ladies out there who believe it is, well, unladylike to ask out a man. Why is this still a thing? We can be strong and career-driven but we still have to wait around and hope a man asks us out in order to go on a date? That#39;s just crazy talk. If you#39;ve ever wanted to ask out a guy, or you ever do in the future, here are six reasons you should go for it.现在还有许多女性坚信,主动约男生是不够淑女的表现。为什么这还算个事儿呢?我们可以坚强,可以发展自己的事业,但我们还必须左顾右盼,指望男生来约我们出去约会?这简直是无稽之谈。如果你曾经想约一个男生,或者你以后可能会这么做,下面就是你应该这样做的6大原因。1. What doesn#39;t kill us makes us stronger.那些没有打败我们的,只会让我们更强大So it#39;s a little scary. So you#39;re afraid of rejection. And yes, getting rejected might make you a little sad. But in the end, getting rejected will just make you realize that it#39;s not a big deal. You lived through it, time to move on and ask out some more guys!这是有点害怕,你害怕被拒绝。是的,被拒绝也许会让你有点难过。但最终这会让你意识到,被拒绝没什么大不了的。你会挺过去,继续生活,再去约更多的男生!2. Because you want to.因为你想约他Unfortunately we can#39;t always get what we want. But you#39;ll never know unless you try. You should always go after the things you want, because they might not realize that you want them.不幸的是我们不能总是得到我们想要的。但如果不试你永远不知道。你应该去追求你想要的,因为他们也许根本不知道你想要约他们出来。 3. Because he#39;s been flirting with you and it#39;s driving you crazy.因为他一直在跟你调情,你快要发疯了Girl, listen. If this guy is flirting with you incessantly, he either likes you or he#39;s an asshole. If you ask him out and and he says yes, congratulations. I hope you guys end up being super compatible and have lots of babies together. If you ask him out and he says no, but continues to flirt with you, now you know he#39;s an asshole. You#39;re welcome.听好了女孩。如果这个男生总是跟你调情,他要么喜欢你,要么就是个混蛋。如果你约他出来,而他答应了,那么恭喜你。我喜欢你们最后能和睦相处,生很多孩子。如果你约他出来他却不答应,而且还继续和你调情,那么你现在就知道他是个混蛋了。别谢我。4. He might not even realize.他也许根本没有意识到Much like you are sitting there, have a good time with your friend who you#39;ve been pining after for years (or that guy you met tonight who is just SO cute and funny), over-analyzing everything, thinking if he hasn#39;t made a move by now he can#39;t possibly be interested, I#39;ve got a news flash for you: The guy could be thinking the same exact thing. Crazy, right? But true. So just ask. Or make your move. Because otherwise…像这样,你坐在那儿,和这个你喜欢了几年的朋友(或者是那个你今晚才认识,但是特别可爱有趣的人)度过一段美好的时光,把每件事都过度分析,想着如果他现在还不采取行动,他一定对你没有兴趣。我告诉你一件事吧:这个男生也许和你的想法完全一样。听上去很不可思议,对吗?但这是真的。所以问问他。或者你采取行动,不然的话……5. You#39;ll regret it if you don#39;t.如果你不主动会后悔的If you just keep flirting with him (or worse, just kind of existing near him) hoping he#39;ll ;get the hint; and nothing ever happens, you#39;ll regret it. You#39;ll always wonder. There is no hint quite as strong as, ;Do you wanna go out some time?;如果你只是继续和他调情(或者更糟糕的话,只是出现在他身边),希望他能够“明白你的暗示”,然而却什么都没有发生,你会后悔的。你会一直怀疑自己。没有什么比“你愿意和我一起出来玩吗” 更强烈的暗示了。6. You#39;ll probably never see him again, anyway.你也许再也不会见他了This doesn#39;t apply to every situation, but it does apply to most adult situations. So honestly, what could you possibly have to lose?并不是所有的情况都会如此,但对于大多数成年人的情况来说确实是这样。所以坦白说,你能有什么损失呢? /201307/249769宝安区隆下巴多少钱 In Chinese games (authorised by the state), players slaughter Japanese soldiers from the Sino-Japanese war of 1937-1945. On the sets of Chinese TV dramas, extras playing Japanese soldiers get slaughtered every day. And in geopolitics, China is disputing Japan#39;s sovereignty over some uninhabited rocks in the East China Sea - and soon, perhaps, over Okinawa Island too.在中国多款(经由政府授权)中,玩家可以在1937年至1945年的“抗日战争”中杀戮日本兵。在中国多部电视剧中,扮演日本兵的临时演员每天都在被屠杀。而在地缘政治中,中国正与日本在中国东海几个无人居住岩石的主权问题上争吵不休——也许不久两国还会就冲绳岛产生同样的争端。The Chinese have rediscovered “their” second world war. Just as the conflict fades from memory in the west, it has become salient as never before in China. To understand the country today, we need to understand its long-forgotten war, argues Rana Mitter, professor of Chinese history and politics at Oxford. Remarkably, his new book is the first full account of the Sino-Japanese war ever published in English.中国人已经重新发现了“自己的”二战。就在二战在西方人的记忆中逐渐淡去的同时,二战在中国正变得前所未有地清晰。牛津大学中国历史与政治学教授拉纳#8226;米特(Rana Mitter)声称,为理解今日中国,我们需要先理解其经历的这场长期被遗忘的战争。值得一提的是,他的新书是第一本已出版的面解读抗日战争的英文图书。Perhaps 15 million Chinese died in the conflict, nearly 20 times the number of American and British war dead combined. Yet for decades China#39;s ruling Communists rarely mentioned the war. After all, it hadn#39;t particularly been their war. The Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek was China#39;s main commander. The Communist party acted as his “junior partner”, writes Mitter. Indeed, in Mitter#39;s account Mao Zedong is a relatively minor character, sitting out the war in the backwater of Yan#39;an. Occasionally Communist soldiers fought the Japanese, but during the war they also intermittently fought the Nationalists.在二战中丧生的中国人可能达到1500万,接近英美两国二战死亡总数的20倍。然而几十年来,作为执政党的中国共产党员很少提及这次战争。毕竟,这不是专属于他们的战争。国民党领导人蒋介石当时是中国的主要指挥官。米特写道,中共当时是蒋介石的“小伙伴”。实际上,按照米特的说法,毛泽东是个相对次要的人物,当时他躲在延安的穷乡僻壤里,静观战局变化。中共的部队偶尔会与日军作战,不过在抗战期间,他们还不时与国民党军打起来。After Mao won the Chinese civil war in 1949, driving Chiang to Taiwan, he wasn#39;t keen to talk up the feats of his defeated Nationalist enemy. That#39;s why the long Japanese bombing of Nationalist-run Chongqing - China#39;s equivalent of the London Blitz - was quietly remembered in Mao#39;s day only by people who had lived through it.1949年,毛泽东打赢了中国内战并把蒋介石赶到了台湾,此后他并不愿过多谈及手下败将国民党军在抗战中的壮举。正是出于这个原因,在毛泽东统治时代,日本人对国民党治下的重庆进行的长期轰炸(相当于中国版的伦敦闪击战(the London Blitz))仅仅被那些曾经历过的人们默默地记在心里。Westerners all but forgot China#39;s war. Under Mao, China became a closed communist country, whereas Japan was a western ally. Chinese archives were closed. Few western scholars could Chinese anyway. And so China became, in Mitter#39;s phrase, “the forgotten Allied power”. Westerners similarly undervalued the Soviet war effort until Russian archives opened in the 1990s.西方人也差点忘掉中国的战争。在毛泽东的领导下,中国变成一个封闭的共产主义国家,而日本则成为西方的盟友。中国的档案是不公开的。而且就算公开,也没几个西方学者能读懂中文。因此,按照米特的说法,中国成为“被遗忘的同盟国”。与此类似,西方人也低估了苏联人对二战胜利的贡献,这种状况直到上世纪90年代俄罗斯公开档案才发生改观。Only in the 1980s did China start to commemorate the Sino-Japanese war as more than just a heroic Mao-led prelude to communist nirvana. In 1985 a museum opened in memory of the Japanese “Rape of Nanjing” of 1937-38 - a slaughter of up to 300,000 people that had never previously much interested the party because it hadn#39;t been there. Today Nanjing is much-discussed in China; rather more so than bigger massacres of Chinese by Chinese, notably Mao#39;s Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution.到了上世纪80年代,中国在纪念抗日战争时,才开始不再仅仅把它视为毛泽东领导中国进入共产主义“天堂”的一首英雄主义序曲。1985年,一座为铭记在1937到1938年日军“南京大屠杀”事件中共30万遇害同胞的纪念馆落成开放了。由于南京并非中共领地,这场屠杀在此之前从没引起过中共多大兴趣。如今,南京大屠杀在中国被广泛讨论,其热烈程度远远超过中国人之间更大规模的自相屠杀,特别是毛泽东发起的“大跃进”(Great Leap Forward)和“文化大革命”(Cultural Revolution)。The post-Mao party revived the Sino-Japanese war, mostly because it needed a new ideology to replace communism. That need became urgent after the Tiananmen Square uprising of 1989. In a dictatorship, Mitter told me, “There are two things you can do. One is to run the economy really well, and the other is to make people feel nationalistically proud. Nationalism is a very powerful button to press.” Similarly in Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milosevic dropped communism for nationalism.毛泽东时代过后,中共大张旗鼓地重提抗日战争的话题,在很大程度上是因为需要新的意识形态来取代共产主义。在1989年天安门事件之后,这一需求变得非常迫切。米特在书中告诉我,独裁统治下“可以做到两件事。其一是把经济治理得极其出色,另一件事就是让人们体会到民族自豪感。民族主义是一种极有影响力的手段。”南斯拉夫与中国的情况相类似,斯洛丹#8226;米洛舍维奇(Slobodan Milosevic)也用民族主义取代了共产主义。War talk had other uses for the new China. By talking up the shared battle of all Chinese, Communist and Nationalist, the party hoped to woo the Taiwanese. This hasn#39;t always worked. As Mitter says: “Chinese praise for Chiang has coincided with a severe downgrading of shares in Chiang Kai-shek in Taiwan, where he#39;s now regarded as a dictator who oppressed the people of Taiwan for many years.” War talk also sends a reminder to former western allies: that China, the new “responsible great power”, was with them when it mattered.在新时代的中国,战争话题还有其他用处。中共大量谈论所有中国人(包括中共和国民党)共同参加过的战争,希望通过这种方式向台湾人示好。这种方式并不总是能够奏效。正如米特所说:“中国人开始赞美蒋介石的时候,蒋介石在台湾的影响力已严重下滑,如今他在台湾被视为压迫台湾人民多年的独裁者。”战争话题还能向前西方盟国传递一种信息:中国这个新的“负责任大国”在关键时刻和他们是持有同样立场的。But in western countries, the second world war is fading into history. The Iraq war was probably the last time ever that an American president (with a bust of Winston Churchill in his office) would invoke shared Allied memories to cajole European countries into joint war. The European Union, built to unite a continent destroyed by war, has lost its sense of mission partly because the war is being forgotten.然而在西方国家,二战正湮没在历史之中。美国前总统小布什发起的伊拉克战争,对于美国总统得以唤起欧洲国家心中的盟军战史来调动它们投入共同战斗来说,可能是最后一次了。小布什办公室里挂着一张温斯顿#8226;丘吉尔(Winston Churchill)的半身像。欧盟(EU)成立的初衷是为了令一个遭到战争破坏的大洲团结起来,如今它已失去了使命感,部分原因是那场战争正在被人遗忘。In China, by contrast, the Sino-Japanese war now looms so large that it sometimes eludes the Communist party#39;s control. Many Chinese citizens show an anti-Japanese fervour that embarrasses the leadership. For instance, Chinese officials generally find Japan#39;s nostalgic rightwing prime minister Shinzo Abe (grandson of a suspected war criminal) a man they can do business with. But many ordinary Chinese get angry when, say, Abe makes tactless comments about the foreign “comfort women” used as sex slaves by Japan#39;s wartime army.与此形成鲜明对照的是,抗日战争的话题如今在中国影响如此之大,以至于有时候甚至超出了中共的控制。许多中国公民都表现出反日倾向,这令领导层十分尴尬。比如,中国官员通常认为,对于日本那位怀旧的右翼首相安倍晋三(Shinzo Abe)(一位疑似战犯的外孙)来说,是可以跟他做些交易的。但是,当安倍晋三发表那些关于外国“慰安妇”(这个词用来指战时日本军队的性奴)的不得体的言论时,许多普通中国人被激怒了。Microbloggers on Weibo, the “Chinese Twitter”, often refer to the Japanese as “dwarf bandits” - a wartime (and Ming-era) insult. Sometimes popular anger goes beyond words. Last September, violent anti-Japanese demonstrations were broken up by Chinese police with water cannons. Popular anger may also be pushing China#39;s new President Xi Jinping to hang tough in his dangerous dispute with Japan over the tiny islands in the East China Sea. Now some Chinese scholars and military officers are even claiming Okinawa for China. The Communist party is riding belligerent nationalism, but it is struggling to stay on the horse.在“中国版推特(Twitter)”新浪微(Weibo)上,主们经常将日本人称为“倭寇”,这是明代中日交战时对日本人的一种蔑称。有时候,民众的愤怒不仅仅表现在言语攻击上。去年9月,民众发起了暴力反日示威活动,随后被持水的警察驱散了。民众的愤怒,可能也还迫使中国新任国家主席习近平在与日本在围绕中国东海几个小岛的危险争端中保持强硬立场。如今部分中国学者及军官甚至宣称冲绳的主权也属于中国。中共正驾驭着一匹民族主义的烈马,而它要保不从马背上摔下来却十分困难。 /201307/247522松岗人民医院整形中心

深圳激光磨皮The American Way: Marriage美国人的婚姻方式 [1] "I do." To Americans those two words carry great meaning. They can even change your life. Especially if you say them at your own wedding. Making wedding vows is like signing a contract. Now Americans don't really think marriage is a business deal. But marriage is serious business. [2] It all begins with engagement. Traditionally, a young man asks the father of his sweetheart for permission to marry her. If the father agrees, the man later proposes to her. Often he tries to surprise her by "popping the question" in a romantic way. Sometimes the couple just decides together that the time is right to get married. The man usually gives his fiancée a diamond ring as a symbol of their engagement. They may be engaged for weeks, months or even years. As the big day approaches, bridal showers and bachelor's parties provide many useful gifts. Today many couples also receive counseling during engagement. This prepares them for the challenges of married life. [3] At last it's time for the wedding. Although most weddings follow long-held traditions, there's still room for American individualism. For example, the usual place for a wedding is in a church. But some people get married outdoors in a scenic spot. A few even have the ceremony while sky-diving or riding on horseback! The couple may invite hundreds of people or just a few close friends. They choose their own style of colors, decorations and music during the ceremony. But some things rarely change. The bride usually wears a beautiful, long white wedding dress. She traditionally wears "something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue". The groom wears a formal suit or tuxedo. Several close friends participate in the ceremony as attendants, including the best man and the maid of honor [4] As the ceremony begins, the groom and his attendants stand with the minister, facing the audience. Music signals the entrance of the bride's attendants, followed by the beautiful bride. Nervously, the young couple repeats their vows. Traditionally, they promise to love each other "for better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health". But sometimes the couple has composed their own vows. They give each other a gold ring to symbolize their marriage commitment. Finally the minister announces the big moment: "I now pronounce you man and wife. You may kiss your bride!" [5] At the wedding reception, the bride and groom greet their guests. Then they cut the wedding cake and feed each other a bite. Guests mingle while enjoying cake, punch and other treats. Later the bride throws her bouquet of flowers to a group of single girls. Tradition says that the one who catches the bouquet will be the next to marry. During the reception, playful friends "decorate" the couple's car with tissue paper, tin cans and a "Just Married" sign. When the reception is over, the newlyweds run to their "decorated" car and speed off. Many couples take a honeymoon, a one- to two-week vacation trip, to celebrate their new marriage. [6] Almost every culture has rituals to signal a change in one's life. Marriage is one of the most basic life changes for people of all cultures. So it's no surprise to find many traditions about getting married... even in America. Yet each couple follows the traditions in a way that is uniquely their own. [1]“我愿意。”这句话对美国人来说包含深远的意义。它甚至可以改变一个人的生活,特别是如果你在自己的婚礼上说出这句话。发出结婚誓言就如同签订契约一般。虽然今天美国人并不真正认为婚姻是一宗商业交易,但婚姻确实是件严肃的事。 [2]一切从订婚开始。在传统上,年轻男子先要请求女朋友的父亲允许自己娶她。如果女方的父亲答应,然后男方才能向女方求婚。男方时常尝试以罗曼蒂克的方式“蹦出这个问题”,想给女方一个惊喜。有时双方只是一起决定,该是结婚的时候了。男方通常会送给未婚妻一只钻石戒指作为订婚的象征。订婚期可以持续几个星期、几个月,甚至几年。当大喜的日子临近时,双方各自的好友在婚前派对上会赠送许多实用的礼物。今天,许多未婚夫妻在订婚期间还听取咨询意见,以此为应付婚姻生活的挑战作好准备。 [3]最后就该举行婚礼了。虽然大多数的婚礼沿袭长期以来的传统,但是仍有发挥美国人的个性主义的余地。例如,通常举行婚礼的地点是在教堂,但是有些人却在户外的风景点举行婚礼,少数人甚至在跳伞或骑马时举办仪式!新人可以邀请几百个客人,也可以只邀请几个最要好的朋友。婚礼的色调风格、布置和音乐都由他们自己决定。但有些事情很少会变化。新娘通常都穿一件漂亮的长长的白色结婚礼。按传统习惯,新娘的穿着要包括“一点旧的,一点新的,一点借来的和一点蓝色的东西”。新郎则穿着一套正式的西装或无尾晚礼。几位亲密的朋友参与婚礼作为陪伴,包括伴郎和伴娘。 [4]婚礼开始时,新郎和他的陪伴同牧师站在一起,面对着来宾。当音乐响起时,新娘的陪伴入场,后面就跟着美丽的新娘。一对新人紧张地跟着说出他们的誓言。按传统习惯,双方许诺要彼此相爱,“不论情况较好较坏,不论家境是富是穷,不论生病还是健康。”但有时两人也可以编一套自己的誓言。他们互赠金戒指象征婚姻的承诺。最后,牧师宣布重大时刻的到来:“我现在宣布你们成为夫妻。你可以亲吻你的新娘!” [5]在结婚喜宴上,新娘和新郎向宾客表示欢迎。然后他们切开结婚蛋糕并互喂对方一口。来宾们一边享受蛋糕、混合饮料和其他食物,一边相互交谈。之后,新娘将她的花束投向一群单身女孩。相传抓到花束的女孩会成为下一个结婚的人。喜宴期间,爱闹的朋友用薄纸、锡罐和写着“新婚”的标牌来“装饰”新人的小汽车。宴会结束后,新婚的小俩口就跑向他们“被装饰好的”小汽车,迅速地驶走。许多新人会去度蜜月,即一两个星期的度假旅行,以庆祝他们的新婚。 [6]几乎每一种文化都有仪式来标志一个人生活的变化。婚姻对于各种文化的人而言都是最基本的生活变化之一。因此发现关于结婚有许多传统习俗,就不足为奇了……在美国也不例外。然而每对新人都会以自己独持的方式来继承传统。 /200804/34322 深圳第三人民医院开双眼皮手术多少钱深圳整容医院哪家好

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