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2018年04月21日 10:18:54|来源:国际在线|编辑:服务媒体
There#39;s no denying that human babies are cute.But even other species tend to have adorable infants.毫无疑问,人类的婴儿特别可爱。不过,其他物种也有萌萌的幼儿。So,why have science conditioned us to find babies so precious? Is there something specific that triggers our urge to hold and squeeze them?那么 科学该如何解释我们“萌”物之心呢?有没有特定的因素促使我们抱抱它们呢?Interestingly,studies have found that Macaque monkeys pay little attention to newborn faces,leading researchers to believe that the cute feeling maybe entirely human trait,Unlike many other species,once born human babies are completely dependent on their parents for survival.有趣的是,有研究发现猕猴不怎么关注新生儿,这让研究者相信“萌”感可能只是人类的特点。和其他物种不同,出生后。人类的婴儿完全依靠父母生存。As a result,humans have adapted to find certain traits.aesthetically pleasing and downright adorable in an effort to increase interaction,care and protection from parents.This,in turn,enhances offspring survival and perpetuate our species,But,what exactly make something seem Cute?因此,人类已适应于能发现某些特点,美学上是悦目 白话就是“萌”,籍此从父母获得更多的交流 照料和保护。反之 这也增强了后代的生存力 让人类得以长存。不过 是什么让事物“萌”呢?Known as Baby Schema,scientists have come up with a set of tested traits,that make something appear Cute,These include a large,round head related to the body,large eyes below the mid-line of the face,protruding cheeks,a big forehead,round body and soft surfaces.And no doubt,our species is born with fully-grown large eyes,almost full-size brains,soft skin,big cheeks and round bodies.In fact,in test where baby photos are manipulated to have more baby schema traits.whether they are human babies,or dogs and cats for example,they are rated as Cuter and participants felt a stronger motivation to take care of these babies.这就是“婴儿图式”科学家提出了了一套经验的特征 让东西看上去很“萌”。其中包括相对身体较大且圆的脑袋,超过半边脸的大眼睛 突出的脸颊,硕大的额头 圆圆的身体及柔软的皮肤。毫无疑问,我们出生时就有发育完全的大眼睛,几近成型的大脑 肉肉的皮肤大脸颊和圆圆的身体。其实,在实验中 但婴儿照片被人为添加更多婴儿图样特征,无论是人类婴儿 还是猫之类的,都更受萌宠 参与者有更强的冲动来照顾这些婴儿。Even when the front of the cars were altered in accordance to the baby schema,like making the headlight larger to mimic big eyes,participants experienced a more positive response.即使在一辆改装出婴儿图样的车前,比如把车头灯加大,模仿大眼睛,参与者也给出了更积极的评价。It turns out,it#39;s all in our head,When viewing babies with enhanced baby schema proportions,the Mesocorticolimbic System of our brain is activated.These parts of the brain enhances the anticipation of a reward and can lead to a sense of enjoyment,motivation to care for something.and the urge to cuddle or hold an object.结果明,一切都归功于大脑。当看到具有鲜明婴儿图样比例的婴儿时,大脑的皮质系统就会被激活。大脑这块区域会增强对奖赏的预期 并会产生照顾某物快感和动力。以及拥抱某物的冲动。But what about things that AREN#39;T so cute?In fact,some creatures are downright ugly,So what do science have to say about these?Our friends at EARTH UNPLUGGED have answered this very question in our collaboration on animals.不过,那些不太萌的东西呢?说白了,有些生物简直不忍直视。那么科学对此又该怎么解释? Article/201501/355357At least three people are dead after a small plane crashed into two homes in Southern California.加利福尼亚南部一架小型飞机撞上两座房屋,造成至少三人死亡。According to authorities, the aircraft had just taken off from Riverside Municipal Airport when it went down Monday afternoon. 据当局表示,周一下午这架飞机刚从河滨市机场起飞。Officials say there were five people on board the plane. They were traveling back to San Jose after attending a cheerleading competition at Disneyland.官方称飞机上有五人。他们在迪士尼乐园参加拉拉队比赛后,准备飞回圣何塞。Riverside#39;s fire chief said no one in either home or on the ground was injured in the crash. 河滨消防队长称,事故中没有人在家里或地面受伤。The two injured passengers were taken to a local hospital. One sustained minor injuries, and the other is in ;very; critical condition.两名受伤的乘客被送往当地医院。一人受轻伤,另一人情况非常危急。The cause of the crash is still unclear, and the National Transportation Safety Board is investigating.坠机原因仍不清楚,国家运输安全委员会正在调查。译文属。 Article/201703/495071He#39;ll suffer back pain for the rest of his life.从此 他一生都会饱受病痛的折磨But he enters the historical records:The first human to fly.但是他是第一个飞翔的人 被永久地载入史册This willingness to risk life and limb for knowledge is one of the things他心甘情愿拿生命和身体 为知识冒险that has really brought humans to where we are today.是我们人类可以发展至此的关键之一We wouldn#39;t be here if people weren#39;t constantly willing如果人类没有不断尝试与试验to push and experiment and really risk everything没有为直觉冒险献身的精神just for a hunch.我们不可能发展到现在的程度Fifty years later, two and a half thousand miles away,五十年后 2500英里之外Another Arab pushing the boundaries of knowledge:另一个阿拉伯人把人类知识的外缘再次扩展Ahmad Ibn Fadlan.Diplomat, chronicler,devout Muslim.他就是艾哈迈德·伊本·法德兰 他是个外交官 也是位编年史家 一名虔诚的穆斯林教徒His mission: to seek out new trade routes.他的使命是找寻新的贸易线路In Russia, he makes contact with people在俄罗斯 他和那些即将统治北欧的Who will dominate Northern Europe: the Vikings.维京人打交道 Article/201511/408809

三分钟搞定科技英语(视频+中英字幕) 第1期:增强现实技术《三分钟搞定科技英语》属于《原来如此》系列的英语视频听力栏目,用一系列绘图拼接视频,生动形象地展示了科技英语知识,能够激发人们的英语学习兴趣 ,是拓展英语知识面,积累科技英语词汇,了解科技中的一些常识的极好材料。 Article/201507/385852

While ramen noodles aren#39;t unhealthy per se, they aren#39;t packed full of vitamins either. But if you#39;re a fan of these cheap, tasty noodles, there are ways to make the meal more balanced.拉面从本质上来说是不健康的,而且也不含有足够的维他命。但是如果你喜欢吃这种便宜又美味的面条,也有办法让拉面的营养更加均衡。You Will Need你需要Ramen noodles拉面A source of protein蛋白质来源Vegetables蔬菜A computer with internet access能上网的电脑Spices, sauces, or stock (optional)香料,沙司或其他存货(可选)Peanuts or cashews (optional)花生或腰果(可选)Steps步骤STEP 1 Know your facts1.认清事实Read the label on your ramen. These noodles are mostly carbohydrates and fat, so you will want to balance that with protein, vitamins, and minerals.阅读拉面包装上的标签。这些面条的主要成分是碳水化合物和脂肪,所以你必须添加蛋白质,维他命和矿物质来平衡一下。STEP 2 Discard the flavor packet2.丢掉调味包Discard the flavor packet. It contains mostly sodium and is not healthy at all. If you really want the flavor, use one-quarter or less of the seasoning.丢掉包装中的调味包。其中主要含有钠,根本就不健康。如果你想要添加一点味道,可以使用其中四分之一或更少的配料。Replace the ramen seasoning with your own mixture of spices, sauces, or stock.用自己的香料,沙司和其他备货混合物和代替拉面中的配料。STEP 3 Add protein3.添加蛋白质Add a protein source to your ramen dish. Crack an egg into the boiling water for egg drop ramen, or add lean chicken or beef.向拉面中添加一些蛋白质。向烧开的水中敲入一个鸡蛋,做鸡蛋拉面,或者加一些瘦鸡肉或牛肉。Nuts are also a good source of protein. Stir peanuts or cashews into your noodles.坚果也是优质的蛋白质来源。向面条中加入花生或腰果。STEP 4 Add vegetables4.添加蔬菜Add nutrients to your ramen by mixing in vegetables. Broccoli and carrots are chock full of vitamins, but any mix of fresh or cooked vegetables will do the trick.混入一些蔬菜,为拉面增加营养。西兰花和胡萝卜都含有丰富的维他命,但是任何新鲜的或煮好的蔬菜混合物都可以。STEP 5 Cook and mix5.烹煮混合物Cook your noodles and additional ingredients, mix everything together, season, and serve.将面条和额外的成分烹煮,混合,加调料,享用。STEP 6 Check online6.上网查看Check online for more ramen recipes. The possibilities are endless.上网查看更多拉面食谱。拉面的做法是无穷无尽的。If you stretched out all the noodles in a package of ramen to form a straight line, it would be about 167 feet long.如果你把一包拉面中所有面条接成一条直线,可能有167英尺长。 /201411/343885

There are a few pillars of the facebook ecosystem, and one is News Feed. Right, that#39;s you...you show up, and you could just see all the stuff that is important that#39;s happening recently with your friends. Another pillar has been Timeline, where each person umm... can share whatever they want with whomever they want on facebook, and...your Timeline is your place where you can curate everything that you wanna show up about you, and it#39;s just everything about you in one place. And... Graph Search is going to be another pillar that#39;s like that.脸书的生态系统中有几个台柱,其中一个是News Feed(动态消息)。对的,那就是你...你来到这里,就可以看到所有重要的、朋友最近发生的事情。另一个台柱是Timeline(动态时报),在那儿每个人啊...不论他们想分享什么、和谁分享都可以在脸书上分享,还有...你的Timeline是你的领域,在那里你可以融合整理所有你想要展现关于你自己的东西,它就是所有关于你的事情集中在一个地方。然后...Graph Search(社交图表搜寻)将会是另一个像那样的台柱。So there#39;s really simple things that people wanna do. They wanna find all the photos they#39;ve liked. They wanna find all the photos of two particular people, um...all the photos of their family. They wanna find all their friends who live in a particular city, because they are going to visit there. And those are really hard things to find right now. You have to go to a bunch of different pages. You have to piece all the stuff together. And now it#39;s easy. You know, you just...you can say what you want, and you get the results.所以有些人们想做非常简单的事情。他们想找到所有他们曾按过赞的照片。他们想要找到所有特定两人的照片,嗯...所有家人的照片。他们想要找到所有住在特定城市的朋友,因为他们要造访那里。而这些现在是很难找的东西。你得浏览一堆不同的网页。你必须要将所有东西拼凑在一起。而现在这很简单。你知道,你只要...你可以说出想要什么,然后就可以得到结果。In web search, uh...it#39;s very often the case that, you know, if you do a search for, you know, apple, and I do a search for apple, we#39;re basically gonna get the same results. Um, maybe I#39;ll get like slightly more technical results based on, you know, Apple computer, and maybe you might care about the fruit a little more, but they are not that different from each other, whereas um...on facebook, when you do the same searches, we get completely different sets of results because of the depth of personalisation that we do.在网页搜寻中,嗯...很常看到有案例,你知道,如果你执行搜寻动作,你知道,查苹果,我也执行搜寻动作查苹果,基本上我们会得到相同的搜寻结果。嗯,可能我会得到稍微多些技术性的结果关于,你知道,苹果电脑,而也许你可能比较关注这水果一些,但搜寻结果彼此并没有那么地不同,然而嗯...在facebook上,当你执行相同的搜寻动作,我们得到截然不同的结果组合,因为我们所做到的个人化深度。The types of questions that we can solve are kind of this slightly nuance and social questions that you wouldn#39;t typically think to ask other search engine, that you wouldn#39;t typically think that the internet could solve for. Um...there#39;s a lot to be said for taste, like what movie should I go and see, uh...what bands might I like, based on the friends that I have.我们能够解决的问题类型是有点稍微枝微末节,以及你一般不会想要透过其他搜寻引擎问的社交问题,你一般不会认为网路可以解决的问题。嗯...有助于发掘你的喜好,像是我们应该去看哪部电影,唉... 我可能会喜欢哪个乐团,以我所拥有的朋友为基准。Well, I had a toothache the other day, and as I#39;m relatively new to the area, so I don#39;t have a dentist, and...looking out dentists that my friends liked was really awesome, because I knew that I was gonna go to someone who knew what they were doing, which she did.嗯,有一天我牙痛,而因为我对这区域相当不熟,所以我还没看过牙医,而...搜寻那些我朋友按赞的牙医是非常棒的一件事,因为我知道我要去看某个知道自己在做什么的牙医,她的确知道她在做什么。It#39;s a shame because, you know, most people today don#39;t think about facebook as a place to discover places where they can go eat or things that they can go do. Um, but with this product, I mean, that#39;s just...it#39;s so...it#39;s so natural to be able to do that.这令人感到遗憾,因为,你知道,今天大多数的人不认为facebook是一个开发他们可以吃饭的去处或可做之事的场所。嗯,但有了这个产品,我的意思是,那就是...这很...很自然地就可以做到那样。In the past, facebook has really been primarily about mapping out and staying in touch with and communicating with the people aly know in the real world. But now, we#39;re building a product that can also be used to finding people you maybe should know, people of common interests, people you wanna work with.在过去,facebook真的一直主要是关于安排、联繫以及与那些在现实生活中已认识的人来沟通。但现在,我们正打造一个产品,可以用来找到你可能应该要认识的人,有相同兴趣的人、你想要共事的人。You can find friends of friends who have common interests, friends of friends who are interested in ballroom dancing or in running or hiking. And in many ways what this will do is...is make your community feel a bit smaller; make the world feel a bit smaller.你可以找到和你有相同兴趣的朋友的朋友,对交际舞、或跑步、或健行有兴趣的朋友的朋友。这在许多方面这将会做到的是...是让你的生活圈感觉小了些,让世界感觉小了些。Today, we#39;re really just starting off with a few basic types of things that you can search for: people, photos, places, pages for businesses, and...that#39;s just the start.今天,我们真的才刚开始几个基本你可以搜寻的事物类型:人、照片、地点、公司页面,而...那只是个开端。We wanted to get this out as early as possible so we could get feedback from the users. Iterate, make the product better, and get it to a point where we can launch this to everyone.我们想要尽早推出,这样我们就能得到使用者的意见回馈。反覆修改,让产品更好,并达到我们可以向所有人推出这项产品的水准。We just view this as a project that we#39;re gonna be working on for years and years to come, but um...as it gets more completed, it just gives me this amazing resource for, you know, a lot of people around the world to use.我们只将这视为一项还要年复一年地持续研发的企划案,但嗯... 当它的完成度更高时,就提供了我们这个很棒的资源,你知道,让全世界许多人使用。 Article/201411/341611

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