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2018年04月22日 03:25:30 | 作者:中华指南 | 来源:新华社
My dad went to Washington, D.C.我爸爸去了华盛顿特区。Why did he do that?他为什么去那?He was invited, along with about 90 other veterans.他和大约90个老兵一起被邀请。Who invited them?谁邀请他们?Some private organization.某个私人组织。Why did they invite him?他们为什么邀请他们?To thank him and all the other soldiers who served in World War II.为了感谢他们和所有参加二战的其它士兵。That#39;s very nice.真好。My dad got to see the beautiful new World War II Monument.我爸爸去看了新建的漂亮的二战纪念碑。That trip must have cost a lot of money.这次旅行一定花费不小吧。He said all the money came from private donations.他说所有钱来自私人捐助。译文属仅供学习和交流使用,不得转载 /201512/416905释义:not know the first thing about 对……一无所知这是强调“对某事一无所知”的表达。about 后面接上要表达的事实就可以了。相似的句型有 not know the half of,not know a thing about 等。只不过 know a thing or two about 表示“对某事非常了解”。例句:I don#39;t know the first thing about how to use it.我完全不知道这个东西的使用方法。You don#39;t know the half of it.你根本就不知道事态有多么严重。I know a thing or two about playing computer games.我非常了解电脑游戏。对话:A: Mary needs help with her computer.玛丽的电脑坏了,需要帮助。B: I don#39;t know the first thing about computers.我对电脑一无所知。 /201612/484064into the blue无影无踪A:How are you going all these days?A:这些天过得怎么样?B:Fine, thanks.B:还行,谢谢。A:But you look depressed.A:可你看上去情绪不高。B:I have some problem with my work.B:工作上有点问题。A:Is it serious?A:严重吗?B:I canI#39;m solve it, thanks.B:我可以解决,谢谢。A:How about your famoly?A:家庭还好吧?B:Everything is OK. And as soon as I see my son at home, all my worries vanish into the blue.B:一切都好,我回家一见儿子,所有的忧虑就消失得无影无踪了。 /201608/455653

Mainly, when you love someone as much as I love you, getting married is the only thing left to do.语音讲解:单词发音mainly /#712;me#618;nli/left /left/连词发音as much as I /#601;zm#652;t#643;#601;za#618;/the only thing left to do /#240;i#712;j#601;#650;nliθ#618;#331;leftt#601;du/轻读重读重读:love/the only thing/do弱读:as/is/to词汇讲解mainly adv.主要地;大部分地这些副词均可表示;主要地,大量地;之意。mainly:指主要部分,突出在一系列事物中的相对重要性。chiefly:侧重某人或某物在众多的人或物中占主要和显著地位。greatly:通常强调程度的高。largely:着重范围或分量大大超过别的成分。mostly:强调数量占多半,近乎全部。primarily:侧重基本地,首要地。principally:侧重居首要地位。generally:通常强调普遍性。活学活用the only thing left to do. expression.英文:The only thing left to do is forgive and forget.中文:唯一能做的就是原谅和忘记。语法讲解the only thing 后面有两个部分在做后置定语(修饰名词的成分就叫做定语)。1、left是过去分词做后置定语,因为它和前面的事情之间是被动的关系,因此,用过去分词来表示被剩下的事情。2、to do同样是后置定语来修饰the only thing。当中心词被序数词,形容词最高级,the only,the last,the next等所修饰时,后面通常用不定式做后置定语。今日练习:In my family, my mother is always the first one______.A. to get up B. getting up C. for getting up :A 关注微信号:TeacherGwen,跟着Gwen老师每天学点英语 /201704/502948

Lesson 67 hollow invitations一、情景对话:Hey! How about some baseball? 嘿!一起打棒球怎么样?Baseball? Cool! 打棒球? 太棒了!All right, let’s go! 好吧,我们走吧!Okey! 好啊!Wait a second! 等一下!I just remembered .我刚刚想起来I have to go to the dentist today.今天我约了牙医The dentist? 牙医?Yeah, sorry. 是啊, 对不起。Okay what do you say tonight we do karaoke instead? 好了,你觉得今天晚我们改唱卡拉ok怎么样?Karaoke? Yeah! 卡拉ok? 太好了!Oh wait! 哦 慢着!Tonight I have to go to my grandmother’s house. 今晚我得去我奶奶家。It’s her eightieth birthday. 今天是我奶奶80岁生日。Your…grandmother’s birthday? 你。。。奶奶的生日?I’m sorry. 对不起。All right listen 好吧。Forget tonight. 不要想今晚的事了。Let’s have a barbecue in the park this weekend okay? 这个周末我们去公园烧烤怎么样?Sorry …. 对不起。。。I’m not free this weekend! 我周末没空!Not free? 没空?二、单词:Baseball 棒球/ dentist 牙医/ karaoke 卡拉ok / have to (do) 不得不(做)/ barbecue 烤肉/三、要点:Hey! How about some baseball! 嘿! 一起打棒球怎么橛?All right, let’s go! 好吧, 我们走吧!I just remembered….我刚刚想起来。。。。I just remembered, I have to go to the dentist today. 我刚刚想起来,我约了牙医。I just remembered I have an appointment tonight. 我刚刚想起今晚有个约会。What do you say ….? 你觉得…怎么样?Okay, what do you say tonight we do karaoke instead? 好了,你觉得今晚我们去唱卡拉ok 怎么样?What do you say we go somewhere to relax this weekend? 你觉得我们周末找个地方放松一下如何?… instead 代替,更换。。。okay, what do you say tonight we do karaoke instead? 好了,你觉得今晚我们改唱卡拉ok怎么样?We don’t have any coffee. Would you like tea instead? 我们没有咖啡了。改唱茶好吗?Cool! 太棒了!Wait a second! 等一下!I’m not free. 我没空。Baseball 棒球/ dentist 牙医/ karaoke 卡拉ok/ cool! 太棒了!/ wait a second! 等一下! / I’m nor free. 我没空。 /201606/443209

Have you ever wondered why you sometimes take an almost immediate liking to a person you have just met? Or worried about why someone you were talking to suddenly became cool and distant? The chances are that it wasn't anything that was said but something that happened: a gesture, a movement, a smile. Social scientists are now devoting considerable attention to "non-verbal communication," what happens when people get together, apart from their actual conversation. Professor Erving Goffman of the University of Pennsylvania is involved in a continuing study of the way people behave in social interaction. He feels that gestures, movements and physical closeness have meaning which the words that the people are using do not carry. The closeness of two people when talking, movement towards and away from each other, and the amount of eye contract all reveal something about the nature of the relationship between the two individuals. We tend to be only subconsciously aware, if at all, of the various patterns and rituals of social behavior. We expect other people to act according to the same "rules" that we do, so much so that the manners and behavior of persons from another culture can be extremely confusing. Fox example, North Americans tend to expect more physical distance between two speakers than do Latin Americans. Consequently, when the Latin American seems to be leaning too close, the North American complains of "invasion of his space." The Latin American, on the other hand, often considers the North American to be "cold" or "distant" because he keeps a greater distance between himself and the person he is speaking to. Eye contact is one way of measuring the degree of closeness of relationship between two speakers, although there are cultural variations in the meaning of eye contact. In the Middle East, for example, it is considered extremely provocative for a woman to let a man catch her eye, let alone return his gaze. Social psychologist Michael Argyle observes that there is more eye contact between people who like each other than those who are indifferent or hostile towards each other. And the longer the length of the gaze, the more likely it is that the listener is more interested in the person who is speaking, than the actual topic of conversation. Frequently looking down can indicate submissiveness or embarrassment. Looking away repeatedly may express boredom or dislike. Women tend to engage in more eye contract than men, especially when talking to other women. But too steady eye contact can make one feel uneasy at times. Most people become uncomfortable under the intense gaze of a stare. One scientist suggests that perhaps one reason that man becomes tense under the force of a stare is in his biological ancestors: in apes, a stare signifies aggressiveness and hostility. The person who insistently fixes his eyes on our face is often more successful in arousing our dislike than impressing us with his directness and sincerity. Similarly, the smile cannot always be interpreted as a sign of friendliness. The person who smiles almost constantly and with little apparent reason makes us uneasy. Even though he may believe that he is expressing friendliness, he may really seem nervous and tense. In other animals, bared teeth are a warning gesture, a danger sign. Genuine warmth or interest can be revealed in the eyes, suggests Dr. Eckhard Hess of the University of Chicago, who believes that the pupils of the eyes can indicate emotion or interest. The opened pupil tends to be associated with pleasant, satisfying experiences. That special sparkle in the lover's eyes need not be fantasy, for love may make the pupil grow larger. Sometimes when we feel that a person is "warm" or "friendly", it is possible we are reacting to a form of non-verbal communication - his opened pupils. The next time you are at a party, take note of some of the silent messages being sent around you. Notice which persons seem to draw naturally together to speak, which others try to stay further apart or even avoid meeting each other's eyes. You may find that this silent language is much more fascinating than the actual conversation going on around you. 身体语言 你有没有想过为什么有时你刚刚见到了一个人,你就会立刻喜欢上这个人?或者你有没有因为一位正在跟你谈话的人突然态度变得很冷而又疏远,这使你心情感到焦虑不安?这很可能并不是因为你说错了什么话,而是因为你的一个手势、一个小动作、一个微笑引起的。社会科学家们现在特别注意"非语言文字的交际",即当人们到一起时,除了人们实际上所谈的话而外所发生的事情。 宾夕法尼亚州立大学欧文o高夫曼教授一直不断地在研究社会效中人们行为的方式。他认为每做一个手势、每个动作和身体亲近的程度都有着人们的语言所表达不出来的意义。 交谈着的两个人的亲密程度,动作上的互相接近或疏远以及两个人目光接触的次数及接触时间的长短,所有这一切都能表明两人之间是哪一种关系。一般我们对社会行为的种种规范和礼仪,即使知道该怎么做,也常常是通过下意识才意识到的。我们期待着其他民族也按着我们做事的同样的"规矩"办事,以致于来自其他民族文化的人们的待人处事的态度和行为举止可能会令我们感到极端地困惑不理解。 例如,北美洲的人和拉丁美洲比较起来,北美洲的人希望两个谈话的人之间的距离稍大一点。因而,当拉丁美洲的人似乎把身子凑得离谈话对方很近的时候,北美洲的人就会抱怨说你"侵犯了他的私人窨"。相反,拉丁美洲的人经常认为北美洲的人待人都很"冷淡"或"疏远",因为北美洲人自己总是跟谈话对方之间要保持较大的距离。 目光的接触是衡量两个谈话人之间关系亲密程度的一个标准,尽管在不同的民族文化中对目光接触的意义有所不同。例如,在中东,如果一位妇女惹得一个男子的注目,就被认为是带有极端的调逗调情的性质,更不用说回眸再去凝视那个男人了。社会心理学家迈克o阿吉尔觉察到对方的次数和时间,要比两个互相冷漠甚至敌视的人互相看对方的次数和时间要多。听讲话的人若是凝视讲话的人的时间越长,越有可能是,听讲话的人对讲话的人本人的举大过于对他所讲的真正的话题的兴趣。低头往下看通常都表示顺从或不好意思。反复地扭转头看别处可以表达厌烦或不喜欢。妇女比男人更喜欢用目光接触,特别是在和另外一些妇女谈话时更是这样。 但有时死死地盯着看人,会使人感到不安。被人家盯着看,这会使大多数人感到不舒。某一位科学家说,人类受到使劲地盯视时会感到紧张,这其中的原因之一就在人类的生活学上的始祖身上:在类人猿中间,瞪着眼睛盯着看,就意味着要侵犯和要敌对。一个人若是用他的两只眼睛始终不停地直直地看着我们的脸,这样做不但不会给我们留下这个人很直率很真诚的印象,反而会引起我们的反感。 同样道理,微笑也并不能总是解释为友好的表示。如果一个 人老是朝着我们微笑,又没有明显的理由,就会使我们感到不安。即使这个人自己认为他是在向你表示友好,很可能让人觉得那人很紧张很不自然。在其他动物中间,呲牙是警告的姿势,是一种危险的信号。 真正的热情和兴趣可以从眼神当中表现出来,这是芝加哥埃克哈特. 赫斯士提出来的。他认为眼睛的瞳孔可以表达感情和兴趣。瞳孔扩张一般总是与愉快的令人满意的经历有关。情人眼神中闪现出的神采不一定就是你的幻觉,因为爱情可以使瞳孔扩大。有时我们觉得某人"热情"、"友好",这很可能是我们对他所用的非语言文字的交际形式作出了反应--他的瞳孔扩大了。 下次你参加社交聚会时,多留意一下你周围的人所传送的无声的语言信息。注意一下,哪些人很自然地就聚扰在一起谈话,注意一下还有哪些人互相间尽量离得远些,甚至尽量避免接触对方的目光。你会发现这些无声的语言远远比你周围的人所实际进行的有声的交谈更能触动人们的心灵。 Article/200802/27805

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