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来源:快问常识    发布时间:2018年03月24日 16:10:00    编辑:admin         

French President Jacques Chirac ends his final full day in office Tuesday with an evening farewell speech to the nation that he has led for 12 years.Thedebonair74-year-old turns over power Wednesday to tough-talking fellow conservative Nicolas Sarkozy, who won election on pledges of a break with the past.Stepping down from the presidency, Chirac will be closing out some four decades in politics. Chirac founded the neo-Gaullist Rally for the Republic party, today transformed into the Union for a Popular Movement, or UMP, that Sarkozy headed before being elected president on May 6.He still risks paying a price for his ambitious search for funds for his party. Without presidential immunity, Chirac could be subject to corruption investigations into alleged illegal party financing.Chirac said his goodbye to Europe on Sunday in Berlin, insisting on the need for a strong role for Europe in a "multipolar" world -- an issue that was a mainstay of foreign policy under Chirac but which so far remains unfulfilled.The concept of a "multipolar" world to counter the ed States is dear to Chirac, and he made it come alive with the French-led opposition to the invasion of Iraq.Chirac has no intention of retiring to his rural Correze region in central France. He plans to create a foundation devoted to sustainable development and dialogue between cultures, to be launched this fall.The only other president to issue a televised farewell to the nation was Valery Giscard d'Estaing, on May 19, 1981, before turning over power to Socialist President Francois Mitterrand. With a much remembered final "au revoir," Giscard stood, made an exit and left an empty chair in the spotlight. 法国总统希拉克于本周二结束了自己最后一天的工作,并于当晚向自己领导了12年的国家发表了告别演说。这位74岁、温文尔雅的法国总统今天将向新当选的总统尼古拉斯·萨科奇正式移交政权,同为保守人士的萨科奇作风果敢,凭着与过去的法国决裂的诺言赢得了大选。希拉克离任后将告别他四十多年的政治生涯,他所成立的共和党“新戴高乐主义”同盟今日将为萨科奇在5月6日当选总统前所领导的“人民运动联盟”取代。此外,希拉克可能将要因大肆为所属政党集资而付出代价。失去了总统身份的保护,希拉克可能将受到党内非法集资贪污案指控的调查。希拉克于上周日在柏林向欧洲告别,并坚持欧洲应在多极世界中扮演重要角色。这个到目前为止尚未解决的问题是希拉克在任期间外交政策的主题。希拉克十分重视能对美国起到牵制作用的“多极世界”的理念,由法国领导的反“伊战”同盟便是它的一个重要体现。希拉克并没有打算退休后到家乡--法国中部的Correze乡村地区生活,他计划于今年秋天成立一个致力于可持续发展和文化交流的基金会。法国另一位在离任前向全国发表告别电视讲话的总统是瓦勒里·季斯卡·德斯坦,他于1981年5月19日向社会党的佛朗哥·密特朗总统移交政权之前发表了电视讲话。当时,德斯坦说完那句令人难忘的“再见”之后,站起来、退下台去,只留下一把空椅子在聚光灯下。Vocabulary: debonair : affable; genial(温雅的;友善的) /200809/48699。

Deep inside your closet hangs an old friend: your favorite jeans. The ones you once lived in that you haven’t worn in ages because it’s too much eff ort to stuff yourself inside them. The following workout is designed to fi rm your butt, tone your thighs, tighten your core, and zap your love handles1. In short, you’ll pare2 down the problem spots that are coming between you and your much-loved denim.   在你衣柜的深处挂着一件你的“老朋友”:你喜欢的牛仔裤。这是你曾经总穿的牛仔裤,但你已经很久没穿了,因为要费很大的力气才能将自己塞进去。下面的锻炼可以紧实臀部、增强大腿肌肉、收紧核心肌群、摆脱腰间赘肉。总之,你和你深爱的牛仔裤之间的问题会越来越少。   Half-Seated Leg Circle   Sit on the  floor with your legs fully extended, leaning back on your elbows, your  ngers cupping3 the sides of your hips. Keeping your lower back pressed into the fl oor, engage your core and lift your legs about 45 degrees. Point your toes, press your thighs together, and trace 12 large clockwise circles, then 12 counterclockwise circles.   半坐抬腿画圈   双腿完全伸展坐在地上,向后倚,以肘部撑,手指屈拢成杯状放在臀部两侧。下背部紧贴地面,锻炼核心肌群, 双腿抬起约45 度。脚趾绷直, 大腿紧靠在一起,顺时针画 12 个大圆圈,然后再逆时针画12 个圆圈。 /200912/91428。

A group of artists, writers and intellectuals has launched a new "university" in London, designed to help those too tied up with work to appreciate the finer things in life, like art, books and travel.The School of Life, operating out of a small shop in the arty district of Bloomsbury describes itself as a "chemist for the mind" that plans to dispense "cultural solutions to everyday ailments". It hopes to inspire those who have got out of the habit of ing decent books, cannot keep conversation flowing at dinner parties, or need to expand their holiday horizons.The philosopher Alain de Botton, author of How Proust Can Change Your Life, and Sophie Howarth, a former curator at the Tate Modern Gallery, are among the faculty members.The founders believe that people with too little time to spare need after-hours instruction in how to use what little they have to live a more fulfilled existence. "Perhaps you have a burning question for a paleontologist. Perhaps you're considering a career change and want to talk first-hand to a photographer or landscape designer. The School of Life has a large freelance faculty who are willing to meet with you for an hour of chat in exchange for a small fee,” the website explains, listing 50 experts.Among courses being offered later this year are instruction in life, love, work, family and politics. A typical course, in love, will explore why relationships are so complicated and why attraction ebbs and flows. "We draw on ideas from philosophy, psychoanalysis, literature and art. We discover what the likes of Plato, Shakespeare, Tolstoy and Freud had to say about compassion, empathy and self-love," the instructors promise.Courses run for six weeks and cost 195 pounds. /200812/58916。

Eating Breakfast May Help You Lose WeightAll calories aren't created equal. And breakfast matters.Those are some of the lessons from today's Health Journal column, in which Melinda Beck writes that what you eat─and when you eat it─can make a big difference in controlling appetite and satiety.Ms. Beck reports on the 'The Skinny,' a new book by Louis J. Aronne, longtime director of the Comprehensive Weight Loss Program at NewYork Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center. 'It's true that a calorie is a calorie,' Dr. Aronne told Ms. Beck. 'But what that doesn't take into account is how some calories affect what people eat later on.'One of Dr. Aronne's key messages is a tough one for many jugglers and their kids to follow : Eat breakfast. But don't just grab a muffin or a pastry on-the-go, for you and the kids.Instead, have the family load up on lean protein─ideally from egg whites or a protein shake. Eating protein-rich foods in the morning reduces hunger all day long, Dr. Aronne says, which lessens the chances of bingeing later on. Eating muffins, b, sugar cereal or juice does the opposite.Dr. Aronne suggests trying his plan yourself: 'Have 200 calories of egg white omelette or protein shake for breakfast, and then another day have 200 calories of juice and look at your hunger, hour after hour.'Some people argue that they aren't hungry in the morning, but Dr. Aronne notes that ghrelin, the hormone that typically signals hunger, adjusts to habitual meal patterns. After a few days of eating breakfast, you should find that you are hungry in the morning, and are eating less the night before, he writes.If it's too much trouble to make eggs, protein shakes are just as effective. What's more, you can sip them while you're getting dressed or on the commute. You can buy protein shakes in cans at health food or vitamin stores (but if you're trying to lose weight, don't go for ones high in sugar, made with sweet yogurt or ice cream.) You can also make your own. His book includes the following simple recipe:1 1/2 cups of frozen strawberries2 tablespoons ground flaxseed2 scoops of protein powder (vanilla-flavored works best)1 pint water or skim milkBlend until smooth. It's just 300 calories for two pints, if you make it with water. (More recommendations from Dr. Aronne's research can be found in today's column.)Readers, is breakfast a part of your juggle, or are you just too time-strapped, or not hungry early in the day, to eat well in the morning? What's your family's typical breakfast routine? /200904/67596。

若干年前,学生迟交作业就会寻找诸如“作业被给吃了”、“卡进洗衣机里了”等借口,而现在,教师注意到学生们越来越喜欢用技术故障作为迟交作业的理由,这源于在互联网发达的今天,学生越来越多地通过电脑完成作业。  The top five most popular tech-related reasons for not doing homework  五个不做作业最流行的科技借口  My computer crashed and I lost it。  电脑死机了,我做的作业(因没有保存)丢失了。  I finished my homework but then I deleted it by accident。  虽然我已经完成了作业,但后来不小心把它删除了。  I could not print it out。  打印机坏了,作业打不出来。  My internet was down so I could not do any research。  网断了,我没法上网查资料。  I lost my laptop。  我找不到笔记本电脑了。 /201006/106926。

My advantage is that I am handsome, but my disadvantage is that the handsomeness is not so obvious.我的优点是:我很帅;而我的缺点是:我帅得不明显。When I went shopping one day, a group of girls stopped me, saying that I was handsome. But I denied it, and then they hit me and said I am hypocritical.有一次我上街,一群女孩把我拦住,她们说我帅。我不承认,她们就打我,还说我虚伪。I am an angel, and the reason why I can not go back to heaven is the problem of my weight.我是天使,回不去天堂是因为体重的原因。Although you wear some cologne, I can still vaguely smell a scummy whiff out of you.虽然你身上喷了古龙水,但我还是能隐约闻到一股人渣味儿。It does not hurt feelings, when it comes to money, but it indeed damn cost money when it comes to feelings.谈钱不伤感情,但是谈感情最伤钱。The accountant said : "Could you please come for your earnings later, because I have no change here?"会计说:“你能晚点来领工资么,我这儿没零钱。” I curse your buying instant noodles without getting flavoring bags.我诅咒你一辈子买方便面没有调料包。 The most mysterious department in the history is the department concerned.史上最神秘的部门就是——有关部门。 There are two things that I could not do in my life--I could not do this and I could not do that.我这辈子只有两件事不会去做——这也不做,那也不做。 The others have their background, while what I have is the sight of my back.人家有的是背景,而我有的是背影。 Never treat a dried shrimp not as seafood.别把虾米不当海鲜。 Since there are so many deceivers, it is very obvious that idiots are not enough.骗子太多,傻子的数量明显跟不上了。 We never be afraid that thieves carry their tools, but afraid they know some kind of technology.不怕偷儿带工具,就怕偷儿懂科技。 /200909/83675。

Robert Samuelson has an article at Real Clear Politics this morning that hones in on the likely results of a “cap and trade” regime in the ed States:The chief political virtue of cap-and-trade — a complex scheme to reduce greenhouse gases — is its complexity. This allows its environmental supporters to shape public perceptions in essentially deceptive ways. Cap-and-trade would act as a tax, but it’s not described as a tax. It would regulate economic activity, but it’s promoted as a “free market” mechanism. Finally, it would trigger a tidal wave of influence-peddling, as lobbyists scrambled to exploit the system for different industries and localities. This would undermine whatever the system’s abstract advantages.That been the experience with the EU’s system:Fights have erupted as countries seek to guard their interests. Eastern European nations have lobbied for more generous allocations because of their communist legacies and lower living standards. Germany, the continent’s largest wind-energy producer, wants an E.U. mandate that each country get 20 percent of its energy from renewable resources by 2020; Poland, which uses no renewable resources, is resisting.Germany boasts that it has cut emissions to 18.4 percent below 1990 levels, the benchmark used in the Kyoto Protocol and in Europe. But nearly half the reduction was because of sagging industrial output in the former East Germany after reunification. For the 2008-2012 period, E.U. officials sliced 5 percent off Germany’s emissions proposal.Individual companies have also haggled over whether their historical records were representative emission benchmarks.“A paper mill in Italy would get different credits from a paper mill in Germany, even if they are completely the same,” said Marco Mensink, energy and environment director of the Confederation of European Paper Industries.Perversely, Europe’s cap-and-trade system has done little to reduce output at such places as the Janschwalde coal plant, Europe’s third-biggest carbon dioxide emitter. Each year, it spews more than 25 million tons of carbon dioxide. The dirty gray plant still has turbines and generators that date from Soviet times. It has nine cooling towers, and just half of its output can power all of Berlin.There have been improvements in carbon emissions in Europe (the improvements here without such a system have been greater) but I’ve seen no attempts at disaggregating the effects of cap and trade and other EU policies aimed in that direction from the export of EU manufacturing to China which I believe is the primary cause of reductions in emissions and energy use both in the EU and here.I have no objection to moves to reduce carbon emissions in principle, particularly moves that would reward greater efficiency. My own preferred policy would be a straightforward carbon tax. Less riggable. But I also think that we’re likely to get more bang for the buck by removing the vast array of government incentives that encourage greater energy consumption generally and greater oil consumption in particular. I have no illusions that such a plan would ever be adopted. Too many of our oxen would be gored.If the next administration is a Democratic one I expect we’ll see greater moves in the direction of a cap and trade system. Its very complexity tends to be attractive to technocrats. However, with the political constraints that our legislators are feeling these days I think we’ll see even more out-and-out regulation without much in the way of measures to increase enforcement of the regulations. That has the benefit of appearing to be doing something about the problem without incurring the costs of actually doing something about it. Talk as always is cheap.If the next administration is a Republican one I doubt that much substantive will be done, especially considering today’s Republican Party’s allergy to taxes. We’ll continue to make most of the same mistakes we’re making now. 今天上午,罗伯特萨缪尔森在"Real Clear Politics"上发表的一篇文章,极大的完善了美国的“排放贸易”制度:这是“排放贸易”制度最主要的政治优点-一个复杂的计划用以减少温室气体-它的复杂性.这使得其环保的持者,基本上是在以欺骗的方式形成市民的看法.排放贸易将作为税,但它不被形容为税。它将规范经济活动,但同时它作为一个“自由市场”的机制被推广。 最后,它会引起海啸式的影响-说客争相利用该系统对不同行业和地区的规定进行推销。这将破坏该系统的理论优势。这一直是欧盟制度的经验:因为国家寻求防范他们的利益而导致打斗爆发。而东欧国家游说是为了更慷慨的分配,因为他们的共产主义遗留思想和较低的生活水平。德国,欧洲大陆最大的风力能源的生产者,希望欧盟的任务是到2020年,每个国家能获得20 %的来自可再生资源的能源,波兰,它却抵制这种做法,没有使用可再生资源。德国自夸它已削减排放量的18.4 %,低于用于京都协议书和欧洲的1990年的基准水平,但实质上德国有将近一半的减少是因为在前东德统一后工业产值低靡。, 欧盟官员提出关于在2008-2012年间削减德国5 %排放量的建议。个体公司也争论代表的废气排放基准是否超过了他们的历史纪录,“造纸厂在意大利和造纸厂在德国会得到不同的贷款,即使他们是完全一样的”,欧洲造纸工业的邦联能源和环境署署长马曼思克说。相反的,欧洲的排放贸易体制在像减少janschwalde煤电厂的排出方面做的很少,它是欧洲的第三大二氧化碳排放源。每年,它喷出超过25万吨的二氧化碳,肮脏的灰色车间仍然有苏联时代的涡轮机和发电机,它有9个冷却塔,只需一半的输出产量可以相当于柏林所有的二氧化碳喷出量。碳排放量在欧洲已有所改善(在缺少这样一个系统的情况下改善是非常重要的),但我见到它对分解排放贸易的影响没有作用,其他欧盟政策的目的是在这一方向上出口欧盟制造业到中国,我相信这是排放量减少和能源在欧盟和在这里的使用的首要原因。在原则上,我对减少二氧化碳排放量的行为并无异议,尤其是奖励提高工作效率的行为。我自己偏好的政策就是采取一个简单的碳税。少非法操纵. 但我也认为我们很可能获得更多的重击通过推卸责任,撤消大量的政府奖励措施,鼓励更多的能源消耗和更大的石油消费量,特别是,我幻想着认为这样的一个计划,在任何时候都将获得通过。太多,我们会有冲突。如果下一届政府是一个民主的政府,我期望我们将能看到在排放贸易体制方面有更大的举动。其非常复杂,往往吸引着科技工作者。然而,随着政治上的限制,这些天来,我们的立法者,我认为他们都感到了我们将看到更地地道道的规例,在没有多大措施的途径上,以增加有关规例的执行。实际上,在没有对成本做一些事情时,似乎对这个问题做一些事是有好处的,不过如果是谈的话当然是很容易的。如果下一届政府是一个共和党政府,我猜想会有很多实质性工作要做,尤其是考虑到现在的共和党对税的过敏性。我们将继续犯现在我们正在犯的同样错误中的大部分错误。见前面我猜想,从专业的政治家的角度来看,最后这一点可能是排放贸易计划的最大好处,尤其对于开发工程管理系统。毕竟,石油和煤炭现在比开发工程管理系统更有可能送钱给共和党. 在最初几年后,这可能会改变,更不用说这将创造所有其他影响推销的可能性。并请注意,我不是特地指那些代表(尤其不是目前的民选官员)以上的机电工程署署长。他们由不同的游说买和付。如果排放贸易成为现实,他们会适应这种制度。它是一项功能,而非缺陷。目前,美国对散布污染物质者有排放贸易体制,我不认为他们已经有上文所述的最坏的情况下的影响的任何一点。该系统的自由市场者倡导以单纯的指挥和控制条例作为首选, (您将只能排放z微米的K物质或明给我们您用以减少K物质的排放量所使用的最好的技术)。我想申明两点:市场的创造不是成本全免的。在伊利诺斯州,我相信政府的成本是通过那些排放者的申请费来实现的。有些人可能称之为税。第二,复杂的附带成本。最近,在伊利诺斯州我已经表示,政府给予一个新的清洁空气法案许可的过程将需时3至5年,。并非所有都归咎于排放量贸易(或许只有一点点可以),但它不断恶化,任务也随之不断增加。 /200808/46213。

How to Cook Instant Healthy Noodles?Everyone who eat instant noodles before knows how it looks like. It is very easy to cook it instantly by putting the noodles into the boiling water and add in those MSG packets, together with your other ingredients like eggs or vegetables. However, have you ever wonder whether is this the correct way of cooking it? When you first took out the noodles from the packaging, you will notice that the noodles are joined together nicely as a piece. Do you know that in order to make the noodles joined together nicely side by side needs some form of wax coating in order to achieve a presentable instant noodles in front of us. Many people who enjoy eating instant noodles frequently did not really bother too much of it as it seems very normal to everyone to have it nicely displayed in front of us. However, research have shown that the layer of wax coating on the noodles is quite harmful to our body and we should not consume it too frequently. It is advisable to have a break of 2-3 days before we start to eat another packet of instant noodles as our body need about 3 days to clear that layer of wax coating away from our body system. Do you know the danger of having too much wax coating stored in our stomach? It will lead to CANCER if it is stored in our body system for a long period of time.2 Keys Points to Take Note While Preparing Instant Noodles 1) Wash the instant noodles with warm water first, stir it and pour away the water containing the wax coating. 2) Repeat Step 1 and try to stir the noodles again to wash away the wax coating on the noodles before cooking it in a new pot of water.If you have eaten other type of noodles, you will notice that the store vendor will normally wash the noodles in warm water first to prevent the noodles from sticking together and for the case of instant noodles, the wax coating in the noodles itself is preventing the noodles from sticking together. It is very important to wash away the wax coating while preparing a meal as we do not want our body to be in danger as it will directly impact on us.Importance of not eating too much instant noodles It is very important that we should follow the key points while having our meal of instant noodles. It is very easy to cook instant noodle but we must take note of the harm it may cause to our body if we consume too much of it. Imagine having too much of that wax coating in your stomach... omg I Don't Want To Take Too Much Of That.. as it may cause cancer if it stuck in our stomach for a long period. Hope this article will let more people have self-awareness of the hidden danger of instant noodles and thus eat safely and stay healthy. /200903/63870。