2017年12月19日 04:23:29|来源:国际在线|编辑:最新热点
艾曼·穆罕默德是加沙地带少有的几个女性摄影记者。虽然遭到了她的很多男性同事的公开反对,她前所未有地被允许进入到男人无法进入的区域。在这个简短而有视觉冲击的演讲中,她通过展示那些不为人知的故事批判了她的社区的性别规范。201412/350458Most malnutrition occurs as a result of the intense大多数营养不良是由于高强度的癌症治疗cancer treatments such as chemotherapy. Chemotherapy比如化疗kills rapidly dividing cells and in effect damages化疗迅速杀死分裂细胞破坏小肠粘膜细胞cells lining the intestines. This makes the intestines这使得小肠不能吸收营养和食物unable to absorb nutrients and food. Anorexia,厌食症,黏膜炎 就是消化道内壁mucositis which is the inflammation of the mucous细胞黏膜发炎membranes lining the digestive tract, vomiting,呕吐 腹泻以及味觉改变diarrhea and alterations in taste are important side都是化疗的重要副作用effects of chemotherapy that also contribute to weight从而导致消瘦以及营养不良loss and malnutrition. Because of the side effects由于这些副作用 所以导致了恶病质cachexia can often result. Cachexia, also known as the恶病质也称消耗症wasting syndrome can also result in extreme cases.也可以导致极端病例Cachexia is the loss of weight and the atrophy of恶病质表现为消瘦 肌肉萎缩muscle resulting in an intense fatigue and weakness.会导致强烈的疲惫和虚弱It cannot simply be reversed by eating more calories仅仅靠摄入更多的卡路里是不能恢复的因为because lean body mass is also lost. To avoid cancer身体的瘦体重也减轻了 为了避免癌症恶病质cachexia it is extremely important for children to eat对于孩子在治疗过程中摄入足够多的蛋白质enough protein and calories throughout the treatment.和卡路里是至关重要的The type of cancer itself plays a role in malnutrition癌症自身的类型在营养不良里也扮演了as well, in fact it has been well documented that很重要的角色 事实上记录表明certain tumors and stages of diseases are associated某些肿瘤和疾病的阶段with an increased risk of becoming under nourished.能够增加营养不良的风险In a study conducted in 2011 by Bower and others在2011年有鲍尔及其同事entitled ‘important aspects of nutrition进行的“癌症患儿营养不良的重要方面”in children with cancer’ different types of研究中,比较了不同种类的癌症cancers were compared and their corresponding risk以及处于营养不良时for becoming under nourished were assessed.相应的风险Overall, malnutrition was more prevalent in children总体来说,营养不良在with advanced solid tumors such as neuroblastoma患晚期实性肿瘤孩子中很常见and in aggressive tumors and tumors in the later stages比如成神经细胞瘤,恶性肿瘤of malignancy. Undernourishment was seen less以及恶性肿瘤的后期frequently in children diagnosed with non metastatic被诊断为没有转移性肿瘤的或者是更有利的tumors and diagnosis with a more favorable prognosis.预后诊断的孩子中,营养不足是很少见的We will now turn our attention to the side effects and现在我们将把注意力转移到在癌症治疗期间problems malnutrition causes during cancer treatment.由营养不良引起的副作用和一系列问题上There are many side effects that malnutrition causes癌症治疗期间由于营养不良during cancer treatment, however we will focus on 3引发了很多副作用key side effects; an increased treatment time,我们将关注三个主要的副作用a decreased quality of life after survival and治疗时间愈后生活质量下降a greater chance of becoming underweight or以及以后的生活overweight later in life.身体变得消瘦或超重的可能性增大Studies have shown that malnutrition reduces the研究表明,营养不良会降低化疗的有效性effectiveness of chemotherapy, thus increasing the从而延长了孩子们必须length of time children must spend being treated在医院接受治疗的时间in the hospital. Being malnourished also increases由于免疫系统的减弱the likelihood of developing an infection due to营养不良还可能会使a weakened immune system.孩子们更容易受感染Malnutrition has also been proven to lower the事实明,营养不良还会降低生活质量overall quality of life and lower the chances of以及病人治疗后存活的机率a patient survival post treatment. In children under对孩子来说nourishment has a significant role in survival rates,营养不足对存活率有很大的影响especially in children with solid tumors and特别是患有实体瘤和转移性疾病等metastatic diseases which are children at a high risk.严重疾病的孩子Many studies have also shown that survivors of很多研究已表明specific cancer types are more likely to cause a child如果孩子在治疗过程中营养不良to become underweight or overweight later in life那么某种癌症的幸存者在以后的生活中if the child experienced malnutrition during treatment.更有可能变得消瘦或者超重201501/351111When it comes to love, Capricorns are not easily won over.在爱情方面,羯座并不容易被征。但是可以看看下面的建议。You Will Need你需要Patience耐心An interest in family对家庭的兴趣Loyalty忠诚Steps步骤STEP 1 Be patient1.耐心Be patient. Capricorns proceed cautiously when it comes to sex and love because they are looking for The One, not just a good time.有耐心。羯座在性和爱方面进展得非常谨慎,因为他们想要找到正确的人,而不是图一时之快。STEP 2 Show your compassionate side2.表现出有同情心的一面Show your compassionate side to a Capricorn by making a donation to their favorite charity as an addition to a traditional gift. (Trust us, they will have a pet charity.)向羯座表现出有同情心的一面,向他们最喜欢的慈善机构捐款,作为传统礼物之外附加的礼物。(相信我,他们会有自己钟爱的慈善机构。)STEP 3 Suck up to their family3.奉承他们的亲戚Suck up to their relatives – invite the folks over for dinner, be kind to the kooky sibling, spoil the nieces or nephews. Family is important to Capricorns.奉承他们的亲戚——邀请他们共进晚餐,善待他们古怪的兄弟,宠爱他们的侄子或侄女。家人对羯座来说非常重要。Keep your place clean. Capricorns are tidy people.保持你的住所整洁。羯座喜欢整洁的人。STEP 4 Work late occasionally4.偶尔加班Work late occasionally. Though family-oriented, Capricorns are also career-driven and like to see ambition in a potential mate.偶尔加班。尽管他们比较注重家庭,羯座也非常热爱事业,喜欢看到未来的伴侣有事业心。STEP 5 Don’t order the cheapest wine5.不要点最便宜的葡萄酒Never order the cheapest wine, or even the second cheapest, on a . Capricorns are not spendthrifts, but when they do treat themselves, they like the best.永远不要点菜单上最便宜的葡萄酒,甚至第二便宜的。羯座并不是挥霍无度的人,但是在招待自己方面,他们喜欢最好的。STEP 6 Be persistent6.持之以恒Be persistent. Capricorns need to be sure that you’re in for the long haul before they’ll consider committing to you.坚持不懈。羯座在对你倾心之前需要确定你能够持之以恒。Famous Capricorns include Tiger Woods, Howard Stern, J.R.R. Tolkien, and Howard Hughes. And former WWF superstar, Hacksaw Jim Duggan.羯座的名人包括老虎·伍兹,J·R·R·托尔金,霍华德·休斯。还有前世界摔角联盟超级明星“钢锯”吉姆·杜根。201411/341221

Mini gets bigger and more tech savvy BMW unveils a more fuel efficient and tech savvy third-generation version of its Mini. Jim Boulden has details.3 new hatchback models, but still a mini.A new mini hatch is the next chapter in 54 years of mini tradition. The new mini hatchbacks also continue a tradition by its BMW owners. It keeps getting just a little bit bigger. This was really our key focus to make sure that the interior volume on this design is at the point where you can say this is a real 4 person car, that you this 30 mm longer wheelbase, it really gives you that knee space in the back. Some of the technology improvements are aly available in bigger luxury models, but mini is said to be ahead of other small car makers when it comes to the infotainment offerings around the steering wheel. Many can I say was aly there, but they’ve just updated it, they’ve given it a new controller, and critically one of the most important things theyve done is that they’ve added support for android smart phones. The press of the world paid tribute to the Morris Mini-Minor. BMW acquired the Mini marque in 1994, and rebuild it from the ground up, re-launching the brand in 2001. Since then, BMW has produced more than 2.4 million minis, nearly 1.9 million exported. The ed States is the biggest market, and 14% of all cars made in the ed Kingdom in 2012 were minis. And BMW says 1 in 6 of the autos it makes are minis. Mini brought up the quintessential British bulldog to show just how British the car is. But in fact, it’s also manufactured in Austria, and starting next year, Minis will also be manufactured in the Netherlands. Designed in the UK, if not all made here anymore. Well, that’s a company making the best use of manufacturing, but you know, BMW invested 500,000,000 pounds in this plant alone. That is a huge sign on the confidence in the ed Kingdom.Britain now has to reply on non-British players to invest in its auto factories, including BMW. But its economy is growing faster this year than originally estimated. And resurgent car production is playing its parts. Mini sales hit a record for the 1st 10 months of this year. Jim Boulden, CNN, Oxford, England. /201311/265735

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